Globalization MCQs

Globalization MCQs

Try to answer these 50 Globalization MCQs and check your understanding of the Globalization subject.
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1: Anthropologists have reached some consensus on the meaning of globalization, but they still disagree about ______.

A.   How far globalization has reached

B.   How to stop globalization

C.   How to encourage globalization

D.   When globalization began

2: According to world systems theory, the relative economic positions of core, peripheral, and semiperipheral nations are fixed and immutable (i.e. unchanging).

A.   True

B.   False

3: Archaeological and fossil evidence suggests that native populations were reduced by about ______% following contact with Europeans.

A.   35

B.   55

C.   75

D.   95

4: In contrast to modernization theory, ______ emphasizes inequality among different societies resulting from the exploitation of the poor by the rich.

A.   Socioeconomic theory

B.   Inequality theory

C.   Relative deprivation theory

D.   Dependency theory

5: According to the text, what is the most difficult issue that faces anthropologists, government officials, and aboriginal people?

A.   How to bring traditional societies more fully into the global marketplace.

B.   How to empower indigenous women in the workplace.

C.   How to encourage the adoption of modern worldviews among traditional peoples.

D.   How best to fit traditional patterns in which the modern, industrial world.

6: According to modernization theory, preindustrial societies are characterized by ______, whereas modern industrial societies are characterized by ______.

A.   Competition; cooperation

B.   Tradition; rationality

C.   Science; religion

D.   Affluence; greed

7: Many anthropologists today study “globalization from below,” meaning they ______.

A.   Study the impacts of soil quality on food production

B.   Study the impact of globalization on people in the local context

C.   Exclusively study the impact of globalization on the poorest people in the world

D.   Study the development of global infrastructure

8: Why was the Internet developed?

A.   To encourage online shopping and high mass consumerism

B.   To make it easier for college students to correspond with their professors

C.   To make it easier for scientists and engineers to communicate research findings

D.   To secure instantaneous financial transactions

9: According to Marx’s historical materialist thesis, the ______ is the primary determinant of human behavior and thought.

A.   Average level of formal education in society

B.   Gross domestic product

C.   Fertility rate

D.   Mode of production

10: By the 1920s, Western Europe and the United States achieved this stage of modernization.

A.   Culture-change stage

B.   Takeoff stage

C.   Self-sustained growth stage

D.   High economic growth stage

11: Which key term refers to the South African system of racial stratification, under which different populations were assigned different social and political rights based on racial criteria?

A.   Eugenics

B.   The caste system

C.   Apartheid

D.   Separate but equal

12: The Portuguese initiated the European slave trade in 1440. By the 1700s, which other European nations emerged as dominant players in the slave trade?

A.   Germany and Poland

B.   England and France

C.   Spain and France

D.   Italy and Switzerland

13: Mohandas Gandhi called for a peaceful boycott of British-produced goods and encouraged villagers to instead to ______.

A.   Spin their own cloth

B.   Can their own fish

C.   Raise their own pigs

D.   Slaughter their own cows

14: In Rwanda and Burundi, German and Belgian colonizers assigned labels of Hutu and Tutsi to the local population. Although this was intended as a form of racial classification, in reality it became a system of ______ classification.

A.   Economic

B.   Physical

C.   Linguistic

D.   Religious

15: European expansion into Africa began with the Portuguese, who came seeking gold. What did they find instead?

A.   Silver

B.   Diamonds

C.   Corn

D.   Slaves

16: Maoism fuses the traditional notions of Confucianism with which of the following?

A.   Structural functionalism

B.   Marxism

C.   Evolutionism

D.   Historical particularism

17: Generally, how has globalization affected traditional social institutions such as the Indian jajmani system?

A.   Globalization has strengthened traditional social institutions such as jajmani.

B.   Globalization has contributed to the collapse of traditional social institutions such as jajmani.

C.   Traditional social institutions such as jajmani have expanded to incorporate many non-kin in the era of globalization.

D.   Traditional social institutions such as the jajmani system have spread around the world because of globalization.

18: Africa experienced slow population growth between 1440 and 1840, likely the result of which of the following?

A.   Warfare and the slave trade

B.   Widespread famine and malaria

C.   The adoption of contraception

D.   The rise of industrialization

19: In 1519, Hernán Cortés arrived in Veracruz, Mexico, and by 1521, the Aztec Empire had crumbled. Which of the following strategies did Cortés use in this conquest?

A.   Diplomacy and peaceful negotiation

B.   Bartering with the native population for control of the land

C.   Fomenting revolt among native groups subjugated by the Aztecs

D.   Rapid settlement of Mexico by Spanish families

20: How did Western colonial forces transform colonized nations into peripheral and semiperipheral dependent economies?

A.   By destroying the infrastructure

B.   By prohibiting participation in the global market

C.   By encouraging the development of export-oriented economy

D.   By developing systems of domestic production and consumption

21: Powerful countries that exercise economic hegemony over other regions are known as_____

A.   Central Countries

B.   Core Countries

C.   Principal Countries

D.   None of these

22: Dependency Theory is the theory that underdevelopment in _____ World societies is the result of domination by industrial capitalist societies.

A.   Second

B.   Third

C.   Both

D.   None

23: Ethnocide is the process in which a dominant group or society forces other groups to abandon their _____

A.   Culture

B.   Language

C.   Ancestors

D.   Both a and b

24: First World is the sector of the global economy that is composed of _____ industrialized capitalist societies.

A.   Modern

B.   Traditional

C.   A mix of both

D.   None

25: The physical extermination of a particular ethnic group in a society is known as_____

A.   Ethnocide

B.   Genocide

C.   Geronticide

D.   Both a and b

26: Globalization is the worldwide impact of industrialization and its _____ consequences for the world.

A.   Socioeconomic

B.   Political

C.   Cultural

D.   All of these

27: The incorporation of global factors into the local culture is known as_____

A.   Globalization

B.   Glocalization

C.   Imperialism

D.   Both a and b

28: Imperialism is the _____ domination and control of other societies.

A.   Political

B.   Economic

C.   Social

D.   Both a and b

29: Neoliberalism is the post–Cold War philosophical and political theory that emphasizes the development of _____ strategies for economic development throughout the world.

A.   Capitalist

B.   Nongovernmental

C.   Market-based

D.   All of these

30: Countries that have very weak states and few profitable enterprises and are dominated by the core countries are known as_____

A.   Marginal Countries

B.   Peripheral Countries

C.   Boundary Countries

D.   None of these

31: In the terminology of the Cold War, the industrial socialist societies in the global economy refers to _____

A.   1st World

B.   2nd World

C.   3rd World

D.   Both a and b

32: Countries that have some degree of economic development and profitable enterprises but are not as powerful as core countries refer to _____

A.   Peripheral Countries

B.   Semi Peripheral Countries

C.   Both

D.   None

33: In the terminology of the Cold War, _____societies in the global economy refer to Third World.

A.   Premodern

B.   Non Industrialized

C.   Partially Industrialized

D.   Both a and b

34: The method used to demonstrate the interlinkage of core states that dominate peripheral and semiperipheral zones to create a global economic system is known as World System Analysis.

A.   True

B.   False

35: Apartheid is a _____ system developed in South Africa in which the rights of different population groups were based on racial criteria.

A.   Political

B.   Legal

C.   Social

D.   All of these

36: Assimilation is the adoption of the _____ of the dominant group in a society by other groups.

A.   Language

B.   Culture

C.   Ethnic identity

D.   All of these

37: Closed Peasant Community refer to _____ communities in highland areas of Latin America that were isolated from colonialism and the market economy.

A.   American

B.   British

C.   African

D.   Indian

38: A reciprocal exchange arrangement between two individuals is known as Dyadic Contract.

A.   True

B.   False

39: Extrafamilial social ties that provide mutual-aid work groups are known as_____

A.   Fictive Kinship Ties

B.   Affinal Kinship Ties

C.   Secondary Kinship Ties

D.   Both a and b

40: The Arabic term for a _____ organization is known as hamula

A.   Tribe

B.   Clan

C.   Clanlike

D.   Caste

41: Jajmani Economy is the Hindi term for the traditional _____ based economy in India.

A.   Caste

B.   Tribe

C.   Lineage

D.   Clan

42: Jati is the Hindi term for _____

A.   Caste

B.   Clanlike

C.   Clan

D.   Tribe

43: Monocultural Dependency is a form of _____ economy that depends on one major resource or crop for export to the world market.

A.   Cultural

B.   Social

C.   Political

D.   All of these

44: Communities in which peasants are involved in producing some of their crops for the world market is known as Open Peasant Community.

A.   True

B.   False

45: Patron Client Ties are _____

A.   Informal contracts between people of unequal status

B.   Formal contracts between people of unequal status

C.   Informal contracts between people of equal status

D.   Formal contracts between people of equal status

46: Revolution is a _____ change that usually involves the overthrow of a government.

A.   Sudden

B.   Dramatic

C.   Fundamental

D.   All of these

47: The blending of indigenous religious beliefs and practices with those introduced by inside groups is known as Syncretism.

A.   True

B.   False

48: Globalization appears to have a/an _______ impact on international security.

A.   Landless laborers and pastoralists

B.   Ambivalent and contradictory

C.   A regionally different world

D.   Millennium Development Goals

49: The initial step toward globalization is ______.

A.   Creating a statelessness

B.   Creating a wholly owned subsidiary

C.   Developing foreign manufacturing base through joint venture

D.   Domestication

E.   Exporting

50: Today, there are __________ multinational corporations (mncs).

A.   2,000

B.   82,000

C.   86,000

D.   22,000