Social Structure, the Family, Marriage, and Age MCQs

Social Structure, the Family, Marriage, and Age MCQs

Answer these 60 Social Structure, the Family, Marriage, and Age MCQs and see how sharp is your knowledge of Social Structure, the Family, Marriage, and Age.
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1: Brother–sister marriages among the ruling classes of Ancient Egyptians, Hawaiians, and Incas served to do which of the following?

A.   Encourage expansive kinship networks

B.   Harness the political power of diverse allies

C.   Consolidate power and wealth in the lineage

D.   Diversify the genetic pool of the lineage

2: Generally, the elderly of postindustrial societies enjoy high status and occupy important occupational roles.

A.   True

B.   False

3: In tribal societies, access to ______ is the greatest source of wealth and power.

A.   Human beings

B.   Domesticated animals

C.   Arable land

D.   Global markets

4: This type of marriage is common among foragers because it fosters alliances among bands.

A.   Parallel cousin

B.   Cross cousin

C.   Brother–sister

D.   Group

5: ______ is the predominant social unit in tribes.

A.   The nuclear family

B.   Age grade

C.   The descent group

D.   Class

6: Chiefdoms and agricultural states are classified as ______ societies because they offer little opportunity for social mobility.

A.   Closed

B.   Open

C.   Class

D.   Achieved

7: The position of Chief is typically a(n) ______ status, whereas the position of President is ______.

A.   Ascribed; achieved

B.   Achieved; ascribed

C.   Assumed; presumed

D.   Theological; technological

8: Romantic love is a modern notion. There is little evidence of romantic love in preindustrial societies.

A.   True

B.   False

9: Matrilineal descent occurs most frequently in which type of society?

A.   Foraging

B.   Horticultural

C.   Pastoral

D.   Agricultural

10: The two basic elements of forager social organization are ______ and the band.

A.   Age

B.   Sex

C.   The nuclear family

D.   The extended family

11: A status that results, at least in part, from a person’s voluntary actions is known as_____

A.   Achieved Status

B.   Acquired Status

C.   Voluntary Status

D.   Both a and b

12: Statuses defined by age through which a person moves in the course of his or her lifetime refers to_____

A.   Age grade

B.   Age set

C.   Age status

D.   All of these

13: Age Sets are corporate groups of people of about the same age who share specific _____ and privileges in their community.

A.   Rights

B.   Obligations

C.   Duties

D.   All of these

14: Age Stratification is the unequal allocation of _____ among people of different ages.

A.   Wealth

B.   Power

C.   Prestige

D.   All of these

15: Alloparenting is the supplemental care of children provided _____ in the community.

A.   Father only

B.   Mother only

C.   Both

D.   Other than father and mother

16: Ambilineal Descent Group is a social kinship group formed by choosing to trace relationships through _____ line.

A.   Male

B.   Female

C.   Both

D.   None

17: Ascribed Status is a status that is attached to a person from birth—for example, _____

A.   Sex

B.   Caste

C.   Race

D.   All of these

18: A descent system that traces relatives through both maternal and paternal sides of the family simultaneously is known as_____

A.   Monolateral Descent

B.   Bilateral Descent

C.   Mutual Descent

D.   Ambilineal Descent

19: Brideservice is a situation in which a male resides with his wife’s family _____

A.   For a specified period of time

B.   For days of wedding

C.   All the time

D.   Any of these

20: The transfer of some form of wealth from the descent group of the groom to that of the bride is known as______

A.   Brideservice

B.   Bridewealth

C.   Dowry

D.   Both b and c

21: An endogamous social grouping into which a person is born and in which the person remains throughout his or her lifetime is known as_____

A.   Clan

B.   Caste

C.   Closed Society

D.   None of these

22: Clan is a form of descent group in some societies whose members trace their descent to _____

A.   Unknown ancestor

B.   Sacred plant

C.   Sacred animal

D.   All of these

23: Closed Society is a society in which social status is generally achieved, rather than ascribed.

A.   True

B.   False

24: Cross Cousin is the offspring of one’s_____

A.   Father’s sister

B.   Mother’s sister

C.   Mother’s brother

D.   Both a and c

25: A social group identified by a person in order to trace his or her real or fictive kinship relationships is known as_____

A.   Caste

B.   Clan

C.   Descent Group

D.   All of these

26: Goods and wealth paid by the bride’s family to the groom’s family is known as_____

A.   Groomservice

B.   Dowry

C.   Bridewealth

D.   All of these

27: Marriage between people of the same social group or category is known as_____

A.   Endogamy

B.   Exogamy

C.   Polygamy

D.   Both a and c

28: Exogamy is a marriage between people of _____ social groups or categories.

A.   Similar

B.   Different

C.   May be similar or different

D.   Partially similar

29: Extended Family is a family that is made up of _____ bound together as a social unit.

A.   Parents

B.   Children

C.   Other kin relations

D.   All of these

A.   Blood

B.   Marriage

C.   Adoption

D.   All of these

31: Gerontocracy means the rule by elders (usually male) who control the _____ resources of the community.

A.   Material

B.   Reproductive

C.   Relationship

D.   Both a and b

32: Sexual relations or marriage between certain relatives is known as Incest.

A.   True

B.   False

33: Avoidance of sexual relations and marriage with members of one’s own family is known as_____

A.   Incest Avoidance

B.   Incest Taboo

C.   Insect Prohibition

D.   Both a and b

34: Strong cultural norms that prohibit sexual relations or marriage with members of one’s own family is known as_____

A.   Incest Avoidance

B.   Incest Taboo

C.   Insect Prohibition

D.   Both a and b

35: Kindred means overlapping relatives from both sides of a family that an individual recognizes as being part of his or her_____.

A.   Caste

B.   Clan

C.   Descent group

D.   All of these

36: Levirate is the rule that a _____ is expected to marry one of her deceased husband’s brothers.

A.   Married woman

B.   Unmarried woman

C.   Divorced woman

D.   Widow

37: Descent groups composed of relatives, all of whom trace their relationship through consanguineal or affinal relations to an actual, commonly known ancestor is known as_____

A.   Kingdom

B.   Lineage

C.   Hierarchy

D.   Both b and c

38: Marriage is a social bond sanctioned by society between two or more people that involves_____

A.   Economic cooperation

B.   Social obligations

C.   Culturally approved sexual activity

D.   All of these

39: A social descent group whose members calculate descent through the female line from a commonly known female ancestor is known as_____

A.   Unilineal Descent Group

B.   Familial Descent Group

C.   Matrilineal Descent Group

D.   Both b and c

40: Matrilocal Residence is a rule of postmarital residence under which a man resides with his wife’s_____ .

A.   Parents

B.   Siblings

C.   Children

D.   Any of these

41: Moiety is a descent group made up of _____ that divide the entire society into two equal divisions.

A.   Caste

B.   Clan

C.   Phratries

D.   Both b and c

42: Monogamy is a form of marriage that involves _____ individuals.

A.   One

B.   Two

C.   Three

D.   Any of these

43: A family that is composed of two parents and their immediate biological offspring or adopted children is known as_____

A.   Neutral Family

B.   Ideal Family

C.   Nuclear Family

D.   Both a and b

44: A society in which social status cannot be achieved through individual efforts is known as Open Society.

A.   True

B.   False

45: Parallel Cousin Marriage is a system in which a person marries the offspring of a _____

A.   Parental sibling of opposite sex

B.   Parental sibling of same sex

C.   Parental child of same sex

D.   Parental child of opposite sex

46: A social group made up of people who trace their descent through males from a common, is known as_____

A.   Unilineal Descent Group

B.   Familial Descent Group

C.   Matrilineal Descent Group

D.   Patrilineal Descent Group

47: Patrilocal Residence is a postmarital residence rule under which a newly married couple must reside with the husband’s_____.

A.   Father

B.   Mother

C.   Siblings

D.   Children

48: Phratry is an umbrella-like social grouping that consists of two or more_____.

A.   Descent groups

B.   Ancestors

C.   Castes

D.   Clans

49: Polyandry is the marriage between _____

A.   Two wives and one husband

B.   Two wives and two or more husbands

C.   One wife and one husband

D.   One wife and two or more husbands

50: Marriage involving a spouse of one sex and_____

A.   One spouse of opposite sex

B.   Two or more spouses of opposite sex

C.   One spouse of same sex

D.   Two or more spouses of same sex