Environmental Science MCQs

Environmental Science MCQs

Answer these 300+ Environmental Science MCQs and see how sharp is your knowledge of Environmental Science.
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1: Environmental science is a __________.

A.   Systematic approach in learning about the environment

B.   Both a local and an international issue

C.   Biocentric preservationist; pragmatic utilitarian conservationist

D.   Development can proceed with minimal costs to the environment

2: Light-colored surfaces __________ than dark-colored surfaces.

A.   The atmosphere

B.   Supercell storms

C.   Have higher albedo

D.   Troposphere

3: Science is best described as a(n) ____ enterprise.

A.   Quantity

B.   Collaborative

C.   Same questions

D.   Central tendency

4: Surface mining _____.

A.   Is formed from plant remains

B.   Is a method of obtaining coal

C.   Releases fewer toxins than coal

5: When looking up at the clouds, you can usually make out different shapes and figures with _____.

A.   Cumulus clouds

B.   Stratus clouds

C.   Cirrus clouds

D.   Altostratus clouds

6: The role of an administrative agency is that of _______.

A.   The legislative branch

B.   The World Trade Organization (WTO)

C.   Gave citizens the right to see and comment on proposed government projects through the creation of environmental impact statements

D.   Enforcement and elaboration of laws passed by Congress

7: Warm air _____

A.   Sinks

B.   Rises

C.   Both of these

D.   None of these

8: Advances in agriculture ________.

A.   Did not increase the amount of food per person from a global perspective

B.   Have resulted in a smaller global population

C.   Have often resulted in alteration and destruction of natural systems

D.   Are always sustainable, since they are based on natural ecosystems

9: A steep pressure gradient _____.

A.   Would be depicted by widely spaced isobars

B.   Produces strong winds

C.   Is only possible in the tropics

D.   Produces light winds

10: Divergence is most closely associated with ________.

A.   Surface air in cyclones.

B.   Surface air in anticyclones.

C.   Cold air circulations

11: Oil wells are usually able to extract ______ of the petroleum present in an oil reservoir.

A.   30-40%

B.   40-60%

C.   50%

D.   30

12: Louis guillette is most famous for his studies ________.

A.   On gonadal abnormalities in frogs

B.   About the dangers of second-hand smoke

C.   About the dangers of DDT

D.   Describing reproductive and developmental abnormalities in alligators Florida lakes

13: The worldwide drop in sperm counts among men has been attributed to ________.

A.   Teratogens

B.   Allergens

C.   Endocrine disruptors

D.   DDT

14: The white Australia policy favored immigration from ________, followed by ________.

A.   Western Europe; Eastern Europe

B.   Eastern Europe; Western Europe

C.   Northern Europe; Southern Europe

D.   Southern Europe; Northern Europe

15: Warm fronts and stationary fronts can bring _____.

A.   Severely bad weather

B.   Clear skies

C.   Light precipitation

D.   Mid-latitude cyclone

16: The warm air being lifted in this map is mostly located in the __________ portion of the map.

A.   Northern

B.   Southern

C.   Eastern

D.   Western

17: Air travel, the internet, cheap fossil fuels and television all have allowed people to ________.

A.   Consume less energy and materials

B.   Live more densely packed into urban areas

C.   Live in less centralized communities

D.   Return to an agricultural society

E.   Live within the UDB's demanded by smart city design

18: Shelterbelts are to ________ as terraces are to ________.

A.   Salinization; stratification

B.   Stratification; salinization

C.   Leaching; desertification

D.   Wind erosion; water erosion

E.   Water erosion; wind erosion

19: In a mercury barometer, when air pressure increases, the mercury in the tube _____.

A.   Rises

B.   Falls

C.   Rises, then falls

D.   Falls, then

20: In the northern hemisphere, the coriolis effect shifts objects ________ their straight-line paths.

A.   The polar high

B.   Subtropical high

C.   Aneroid barometer

D.   To the right of

21: A land breeze usually originates during the ________.

A.   Day and flows toward the land

B.   Day and flows toward the water

C.   Evening and flows toward the land

D.   Evening and flows toward the water

22: An air-pressure altimeter is actually a(n) ______ barometer.

A.   Mercury.

B.   Aneroid

23: The release of latent heat from water molecules is called ________.

A.   Vapor pressure

B.   Evaporative cooling

C.   Specific humidity

D.   Condensation

E.   Sublimation pressure

24: A super cooled liquid needs to ________ to turn into a solid.

A.   Collide with an object

B.   Cirrostratus

C.   Form & height

D.   Cumulonimbus

25: Evaporation ________.

A.   Is a cooling process

B.   Is a process not requiring energy

C.   Has its greatest rates when the air is already humid

D.   Is a heating process

E.   Releases latent heat in the air

26: Liquid converts to gas when ________.

A.   Molecules break loose from the liquid

B.   It is good and ready

C.   A crystalline structure is created

D.   The liquid heats to freezing

E.   Cooling reaches the dewpoint

27: Warm air ____ and cool air ____.

A.   Expands and rises; contracts and sinks

B.   Cools and expands

C.   30° N&S and 90° N&S

D.   The denser air mass slides beneath the lighter air mass forming a front

28: An observation is _______

A.   A possible explanation for events using prior knowledge

B.   Always quantitative

C.   Made using any of the five senses

D.   Always qualitative

29: A land breeze is generally ______ than a sea breeze.

A.   Stronger

B.   Weaker

C.   A and B both

D.   None of these

30: A trophic cascade is the effect of ________ on ________.

A.   Detritivores; decomposers

B.   Producers; first level consumers

C.   Top consumers; one another

D.   Top consumers; abundance of lower consumers

E.   Flooding; terrestrial ecosystems

31: The effects of increased recycling will, other factors being equal, ________.

A.   Increase the lifetime of economically recoverable minerals.

B.   Decrease the lifetime of economically recoverable minerals.

C.   Trees that do best with low precipitation

D.   Deep lakes

E.   Mammals that thrive in dry habitats

32: A transmission electron microscope would be the best microscope choice to study _______.

A.   Structures smaller than cells

B.   Single celled organisms

C.   Plant leaves

D.   Amphibian organs

33: Of the following, ________ are pioneer species.

A.   Plankons

B.   Fungi

C.   Bacteria,

D.   Lichens

E.   All of the above

34: A rock on the top of a mountain contains ________ energy.

A.   Potential

B.   Kinetic

C.   Both

35: The initial consequence of falling water tables would be the loss of ________.

A.   Birds that live in upland areas

B.   Agricultural irrigation water

C.   Trees that do best with low precipitation

D.   Deep lakes

E.   Mammals that thrive in dry habitats

36: The university of florida's athletic program became carbon neutral because it _____.

A.   Promoted programs that reduced fossil fuel use and sequestered carbon

B.   Eliminated consumption of all plastics throughout its program and athletic events

C.   Recycled all paper used in its program and at football games

D.   Replaced all vehicles with electric cars

37: ________ temperature changes are those that do not involve the addition or subtraction of heat.

A.   Adiabatic

B.   Dew Point

C.   Below freezing

38: In the lower atmosphere, any air that rises will ____ and cool.

A.   Contract

B.   Expand

C.   Stay the same

39: In new hampshire, the length of time ice covers on mirror lake each year has declined by _______.

A.   1/2 day per year

B.   1 day per year

C.   1 1/2 days per year

D.   2 days per year

40: Wind, solar and geothermal power are called renewable energy sources because _______.

A.   Tax breaks for these sources are renewed every year

B.   They are continuously replenished

C.   Humans can replenish these sources periodically

D.   They produce few toxic byproducts

41: Wind power creates _____ pollution.

A.   Noise pollution

B.   Pollution

C.   Purification

D.   None of these

42: Wilderness areas ________.

A.   Allow hunting as long as proper permits are acquired

B.   Were set up under the administration of George W. Bush in the early 2000s

C.   Are biosphere reserves managed by UNESCO

D.   Are off-limits to development of any kind but are open to low-impact recreation

43: With an occluded front, _____.

A.   Get out of the area because a tornado is coming

B.   From west to east over the United States

C.   Grab a sweater because it's going to be cool

D.   Put on a tank top because it's warming up

44: Walking among the top canopy in a tropical rainforest requires _______.

A.   Bridges suspended almost 100 feet off the ground

B.   Bridges suspended almost 60 feet off the ground

C.   Bridges suspended almost 20 feet off the ground

D.   No special conditions

45: Warm air is _____ dense than cold air, and warm air holds _____ moisture than cold air.

A.   More; less

B.   More; more

C.   Less; more

D.   Less; less

46: Water covers about ____ of the earth's surface

A.   71%

B.   75%

C.   78%

D.   74%

47: Water in the spaces (pores) in rock and between particles of soil, sand, and gravel is called ____.

A.   Persistence

B.   Groundwater

C.   A logged forest

D.   Groundwater was overpumped

48: When water vapor condenses to form clouds, ________.

A.   Form and height

B.   Conduction cooling

C.   The air gets warmer

D.   True

49: In a surface anticyclone in the southern hemisphere, winds spiral ________.

A.   Counterclockwise and outward

B.   Clockwise and inward

C.   To the west

D.   Clockwise and outward

E.   Counterclockwise and inward

50: The conservation reserve program pays farmers to ________.

A.   Grow native crops such as corn and beans

B.   Grow soybeans and other kinds of harvestable groundcover

C.   Stop growing tobacco

D.   Stop cultivating highly erodible land

E.   Grow cattle feed instead of commercial crops