Race and Ethnicity MCQs

Race and Ethnicity MCQs

Answer these 60+ Race and Ethnicity MCQs and assess your grip on the subject of Race and Ethnicity.
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1: The absorption of a minority group into the dominant culture is called _____.

A.   Assimilation

B.   Accommodation

C.   Acculturation

D.   Pluralism

2: Characteristics of groups associated with national origins, languages, and cultural and religious practices are called _____.

A.   Ethnicity

B.   Race

C.   Caste

D.   Religion

3: The process of forcibly removing a population from a particular area is called _____,

A.   Expulsion

B.   Genocide

C.   Ethnic cleansing

D.   Massacre

4: The mass, systematic destruction of a people or a nation is called _____.

A.   Genocide

B.   Omnicide

C.   War

D.   Ethnocide

5: Overt and intentional unequal treatment, often based on prejudicial beliefs is called Individual discrimination.

A.   True

B.   False

6: Discrimination enshrined in law, public policy, or common practice is called ______ discrimination.

A.   Institutionalized

B.   Generalised

C.   Modernized

D.   Liberal

7: Less powerful groups that are dominated politically, economically, and socially by a more powerful group and, often, discriminated against on the basis of characteristics deemed by the majority are called _____.

A.   Minorities

B.   Majority

C.   Marginalized

D.   Dominant

8: People who have fled war, violence, conflict, or persecution and have crossed an international border to find safety in another country. Are called ______.

A.   Refugees

B.   Migrants

C.   Idps

D.   Homeless

9: Contractual agreements that restrict the use of land to preserve the value of adjacent land is called Restrictvie covenants.

A.   True

B.   False

10: Assigning misplaced blame to a person or group based on an alleged characteristic or action is called _____

A.   Scapegoating

B.   Gaslighting

C.   Blame gaming

D.   None of these

11: The practice of separating people spatially or socially on the basis of race or ethnicity is known as _____

A.   Segregation

B.   Discrimination

C.   Apartheid

D.   Segmentation

12: The study of communities and their social statuses, practices, and problems with the aim of understanding patterns of health and disease is called Social epidemiology.

A.   True

B.   False

13: The generalization of a set of characteristics to all members of a group is called _____.

A.   Stereotyping

B.   Generalizing

C.   Halo effect

D.   Prejudice

14: In the wake of the fall of the Soviet Union, ______ movements began to gain momentum, sometimes resulting in genocidal warfare.

A.   Revitalization

B.   Messianic

C.   Ethnonationalist

D.   Nationalist

15: Which anthropologist’s typologies persist in “folk” racist categories today?

A.   Carolus Linnaeus

B.   Johann Blumenbach

C.   Franz Boas

D.   Joseph de Gobineau

16: In Belgium and Switzerland, different ethnic groups have distinctive cultures, but they also have parity (i.e., equality) with each other. These societies are examples of ______ society.

A.   Plural

B.   Multiple

C.   Utopian

D.   Segregated

17: IQ tests can be used to predict how well a person will adapt to specific environmental conditions.

A.   True

B.   False

18: Ethnic boundary markers would be best associated with ______ aspects of ethnicity.

A.   Objective

B.   Subjective

C.   Normative

D.   Reductive

19: Which of the following was the first U.S. federal immigration law ever enacted solely on the basis of race or nationality?

A.   The Emergency Quota Act

B.   The Hart-Celler Act

C.   The REAL ID Act

D.   The Chinese Exclusion Act

20: According to the ______ concept, the offspring of a racially mixed couple will take on the racial category of the parent with lower racial status.

A.   Differential descent

B.   Lower descent

C.   Subdescent

D.   Hypodescent

21: The strategic use of ethnic affiliations for collective political mobilization is consistent with which of the following models of ethnicity?

A.   Primordialist

B.   Liminal

C.   Circumstantialist

D.   Revisionist

22: As early as 3000 B.C., Ancient Egyptians divided all humans into ______ categories.

A.   4

B.   6

C.   8

D.   10

A.   Racial categories are based in a biological reality.

B.   Racial categories are fixed and unchanging.

C.   There are superior and inferior races.

D.   There are no direct links between race, brain size, and intelligence.

24: The process by which formerly distinct groups merge through marriage and reproduction is known as_____

A.   Physical Assimilation

B.   Biological Assimilation

C.   Cultural Assimilation

D.   Both a and b

25: The process by which an ethnic group adopts the culture of another ethnic group is known as_____

A.   Physical Assimilation

B.   Biological Assimilation

C.   Cultural Assimilation

D.   Both a and b

26: Ethnic Boundary Markers refer to the distinctions of _____ or other aspects of culture that emphasize ethnicity.

A.   Language

B.   Clothing

C.   Behaviour

D.   Both a and b

27: Ethnogenesis is the _____ of a new ethnic group.

A.   Modification

B.   Emergence

C.   Acceptance

D.   Both a and b

28: Hypodescent Concept is a system of racial classification in which children of mixed parentage acquire the social and racial status of the parent whose social and racial status is_____.

A.   Higher

B.   Lower

C.   Average

D.   Both b and c

29: Intelligence is the capacity to _____

A.   Process information

B.   Adapt to the world

C.   Adapt skills

D.   Both a and b

30: Jim Crow Laws are the laws that were used to segregate _____ from white Americans in the southern United States prior to the civil rights era.

A.   Africans

B.   Americans

C.   Asian Americans

D.   African Americans

31: Knowledge is the _____ of learned information based on experience.

A.   Storage

B.   Recall

C.   Distribution

D.   Both a and b

32: Policies adopted by governments to be inclusive to multiple ethnic groups within a society is known as Multiculturalism.

A.   True

B.   False

A.   White

B.   Black

C.   Both

D.   Brown

34: Plural Society is a society made up of different _____ groups.

A.   Social

B.   Ethnic

C.   Political

D.   Gender

35: Racism are the beliefs and practices that advocate the _____

A.   Superiority of certain races

B.   Inferiority of certain races

C.   Equality of races

D.   Both a and b

36: The institutional separation of human populations or ethnic groups from one another is known as_____

A.   Racism

B.   Segregation

C.   Differentiation

D.   None of these

37: Of the following, the most extreme example of internal colonialism is ________.

A.   Indentured servitude

B.   Slavery

C.   Caste systems in the post-Civil War South

D.   Racially motivated hate crime

38: Typically, people who live in _____ perceive fewer racial categories than people who live in _____.

A.   The United States; Brazil

B.   Brazil; the United States

C.   The Northeast; the Midwest

D.   The West; the Northeast

39: __________ examine how we are socialized into prejudice and discrimination.

A.   Symbolic Interactionists

B.   Internal Colonialism

C.   Assimilation

40: _____ is a policy of keeping racial-ethnic groups apart.

A.   Segregation

B.   Multiculturalism

C.   Individual discrimination

D.   Institutional discrimination

41: ________ serves as a reminder of the social construction of race.

A.   The color gradient

B.   Tracking people's roles over the life course.

C.   The study of interaction in terms of theatrical performance.

D.   Studying unfamiliar cultural systems.

42: A good example of the culture theory of prejudice is ________

A.   Theodor Adorno's research on prejudiced people.

B.   Bogardus's research on social distance.

C.   W. I. Thomas's vicious cycle theory.

D.   All of these responses are correct.

43: Ethnicity is not based on shared __________.

A.   Skin color

B.   Level of development

C.   Group structure

D.   Amount of prestige

E.   Wealth

44: For chinese immigrants, one result of living in chinatowns was _____.

A.   Maintaining traditional culture, forming kinship networks, or clans, and reducing their chance to learn English, which limited job opportunities

B.   Level of development

C.   Group structure

D.   Amount of prestige

E.   Wealth

45: Gerhard lenski is important because he linked the nature of inequality to the _____ of a society.

A.   Level of development

B.   Group structure

C.   Amount of prestige

D.   Wealth

46: Institutional prejudice and discrimination refers to the fact that ________

A.   Bias is built into the operation of society's institutions.

B.   High levels of immigration.

C.   Frustration among disadvantaged people.

D.   People with rigid personalities.

47: Lola was born female. as such, this status is __________.

A.   Ascribed

B.   High levels of immigration.

C.   Frustration among disadvantaged people.

D.   People with rigid personalities.

48: Max weber's definition of race is based on a viewpoint referred to as __________.

A.   Essentialism

B.   High levels of immigration.

C.   Frustration among disadvantaged people.

D.   People with rigid personalities.

49: Scapegoat theory states that prejudice is created by ________

A.   Cultural beliefs.

B.   High levels of immigration.

C.   Frustration among disadvantaged people.

D.   People with rigid personalities.

50: Symbolic interactionists focus on the role of _____ in affecting perception and creating prejudice.

A.   Labels

B.   Violating a rule that brings with it the disapproval of others

C.   Clearly significant gaps between racial groups along social and economic dimensions