Learning Theory/memory MCQs

Learning Theory/memory MCQs

The following Learning Theory/memory MCQs have been compiled by our experts through research, in order to test your knowledge of the subject of Learning Theory/memory. We encourage you to answer these 50+ multiple-choice questions to assess your proficiency.
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1: According to your text, mental rotation data are best viewed as evidence of ______.

A.   Generalization

B.   Discrimination

C.   Cognitive processing

D.   Peak shift

2: The one-process theory of punishment goes back to ________.

A.   Thorndike

B.   Discrimination

C.   Cognitive processing

D.   Peak shift

3: All of the following are useful tips for shaping behavior except ________.

A.   Reinforce small steps

B.   Reinforce immediately

C.   Provide small reinforcers

D.   Never back up

4: One idea for preventing learned helplessness is __________ training.

A.   Self-esteem

B.   Inoculation

C.   Immunization

D.   Reality.

5: In errorless discrimination training, _______.

A.   Training continues until the animal or person makes no errors

B.   Subjects look on as well-trained models perform the response to be learned

C.   Generalization soon reappears

D.   The S? is introduced in very weak form and its strength is gradually increased

6: Insightful problem solving is best viewed as an example of _______.

A.   Unconscious processes

B.   Trial-and-error learning

C.   Pavlovian conditioning

D.   Operant learning

7: The use of punishers is so common that _______ concluded that ?the world runs on fear.?

A.   Jack Nicholson

B.   Jack Robinson

C.   Jack Michaels

D.   Jack Sprat

8: The classic experiments on insightful problem solving were done with chimpanzees by _________.

A.   Harry Harlow

B.   B. F. Skinner

C.   Wolfgang Kohler

D.   Richard Herrnstein

9: Iconic memory is to echoic memory as ________ is to ________.

A.   Explicit memory; implicit memory

B.   Automatic processing; effortful processing

C.   Visual stimulation; auditory stimulation

D.   Flashbulb memory; implicit memory

10: Studies of delayed reinforcement document the importance of ____.

A.   Contiguity

B.   Contingency

C.   Inter-trial interval

D.   Deprivation level

11: Superstitous behavior is behavior that occurs repeatedly despite the fact that it __________.

A.   Is strange

B.   Is not supported by facts

C.   Does not produce the reinforcers that maintain it

D.   Ultimately works to the disadvantage of the individual

12: Alan neuringer demonstrated that with reinforcement, _____ could learn to behave randomly.

A.   Preschoolers

B.   Cats

C.   Rats

D.   Pigeons

13: Ft and vt are both kinds of ______ reinforcement.

A.   Noncontingent

B.   Intermittent

C.   Duration-based

D.   Continuous.

14: Response maintenance can be considered generalization across __________.

A.   Time

B.   Situations

C.   People

D.   Behaviors.

15: Williams found that the greater the number of reinforcements before extinction, the _______.

A.   Greater the number of responses during extinction

B.   Faster the rate of extinction

C.   Stronger the response during extinction

D.   Greater the frustration during extinction

16: ________ demonstrated that electrical stimulation of the brain could be reinforcing.

A.   Olds and Milner

B.   Skinner

C.   Barnes

D.   Noble

17: Murray sidman's book on aversive control, including punishment, is called ______.

A.   Coercion and Its Fallout

B.   Aversive Control Today

C.   Operant learning

D.   Something is added

18: Robert eisenberger and his colleagues demonstrated that reinforcement can establish learned ______.

A.   Industriousness

B.   Laziness

C.   Helplessness

D.   Incompetence

19: A child who says, "my toy car breaked," or "i runned up the hill," is demonstrating __________.

A.   Overextension

B.   Telegraphic speech

C.   Overregularization

20: _____ percent of people over age 65 are grandparents.

A.   Mentally; more

B.   Eighty-five

C.   Fewer; more

D.   Companionate

21: The schedule that is likely to produce a cumulative record with scallops is the _________.

A.   FR schedule

B.   VR schedule

C.   FI schedule

D.   VI schedule.

22: One vret program for treating spider phobias is called ______.

A.   SpiderWorld

B.   Arachnophilia

C.   Spider Killer

D.   Spidex.

23: Skinner trained plyny to perform a behavior chain. plyny was a ______.

A.   Rat

B.   Pigeon

C.   Dog

D.   Philosophy student

24: After receiving a reward for escaping the puzzle box, the cats ________.

A.   Appeared to enjoy the box more

B.   Escaped more slowly

C.   Gradually learned to escape more quickly

D.   Increased the length of time in the box

25: The findings of eisenberger and others concerning increasing effort is called _______.

A.   Learned helplessness

B.   Motivational transfer

C.   Learned industriousness

D.   Increased potentiation

26: _____, which are generated by web server software, record a users actions on a web site.

A.   Virtual organizations

B.   Green computing

C.   Nonrepudiation

D.   Intellectual property

27: According to _____, one reason that people forget is because they are repressing painful memories.

A.   Freud

B.   Adding

C.   Encoding

D.   All of this

28: If an observer looks on as a model's behavior is reinforced, we speak of __________.

A.   Observational learning

B.   Model reinforcement

C.   Vicarious reinforcement

D.   Imitation

29: A rotary mower cuts grass when the whirling mower blade _________ the grass.

A.   Shears

B.   Shaves

C.   Impacts

D.   Lasers

30: ______ is best known for his/her covers of vanity fair and rolling stone magazines.

A.   Margaret Bourke-White

B.   Annie Leibovitz

C.   All of the above

D.   AARP: The Magazine

E.   FBL magazines

31: Ebbinghaus found that information is forgotten _________.

A.   Quickly at first, then tapers off gradually

B.   Hippocampus

C.   No, because there is a great possibility of a

D.   All of this

32: Forward conditioning occurs when the ___________.

A.   Conditioned response occurs before the neutral stimulus is presented

B.   Unconditioned stimulus is presented before the neutral stimulus

C.   Unconditioned stimulus is presented at the same time as the neutral stimulus

D.   Neutral stimulus is presented just before the unconditioned stimulus

33: __________ refers to the point at which a behavior stops or its rate falls off sharply.

A.   Block

B.   Border time

C.   Break point

D.   Camel's back

34: A thesis statement is all of the following except __________.

A.   An essay's scope, purpose, and direction

B.   A direct quotation, paraphrase, or summary

C.   A conclusion the writer has reached about a topic

D.   A snapshot of the contents of an essay

35: Murray sidmans book on aversive control, including punishment, is called ______.

A.   Coercion and Its Fallout

B.   Aversive Control Today

C.   The Punitive Society

D.   The End of Punishment

36: The level of deprivation is less important when the reinforcer used is a/an ____ reinforcer.

A.   Punishment

B.   Escape-avoidance training

C.   Behavior is a function of its consequences

D.   Secondary

37: The reappearance of previously effective behavior during extinction is called ____________.

A.   Spontaneous recovery

B.   Recovery

C.   Resurgence

D.   Fulfillment

38: The schedule that is not an intermittent schedule is __________.

A.   FR 1

B.   FR 5

C.   VR 1

D.   VI 1

39: The schedule to use if you want to produce the most rapid learning of new behavior is _______.

A.   Frustration

B.   CRF

C.   FT

D.   Burst

40: A common misconception about inductive arguments is that they __________.

A.   Are weak or strong

B.   Are more persuasive than deductive arguments

C.   Go from specific to general

D.   Go from general to specific

41: __________ inhibition is the result of the cs having appeared alone repeatedly before conditioning.

A.   Latent

B.   Unconditional

C.   Contingent

D.   Intertrial

42: A hemiglossectomy is the surgical excision of _________ of the tongue.

A.   The tip

B.   The back

C.   Half

D.   The underside

43: A countrys _________________ has a huge effect on its education.

A.   Secularization

B.   Socioeconomic status

C.   Community

D.   Human capital

44: ____________________ is a geo-lifestyle segmentation system.

A.   Claritas




E.   MRI

45: Crf is synonymous with __________.

A.   EXT

B.   FR 1

C.   CRT

D.   FI

46: When you forge a learning pattern, you __________.

A.   Weegy: When you forge a Learning Pattern

B.   You increase the use of an Avoid Patter,

C.   May feel discomfort,

D.   Since it is a Pattern you Avoid,

E.   And need to generate energy to intentionally use it.

47: When fiting your learning patterns, it is important to __________.

A.   Use strategies that are appropriate for your Pattern combination to help you successfully complete an assignment.

B.   Sequence Precision Technical Reasoning Confluence

C.   Use strategies that are appropriate for your Pattern combination to help you

D.   None of these

48: The _____________ of the neocortex appears to be where semantic memories are stored.

A.   Anterolateral temporal lobe

B.   Posterolateral temporal lobe

C.   Ventromedial temporal lobe

D.   Hippocampus

E.   Thalamus

49: Resurgence may help account for __________.

A.   PMS

B.   Rationalization

C.   Regression

D.   Reaction formation

50: The critical measure on progressive-ratio (pr) schedules is typically __________.

A.   The frequency of responding

B.   The length of the PRP

C.   The breakpoint where the organism fails to complete the requirement

D.   The rate of responding