Criminal Justice and Criminology (Statistics) MCQs

Criminal Justice and Criminology (Statistics) MCQs

Try to answer these 20 Criminal Justice and Criminology (Statistics) MCQs and check your understanding of the Criminal Justice and Criminology (Statistics) subject.
Scroll down and let's begin!

1: A large portion of criminology/criminal justice-based research involves theory testing.

A.   True

B.   False

2: Replication of studies is NOT important in any type of social science research.

A.   True

B.   False

3: Microsoft Excel is one of the most frequently used statistical analysis programs in criminology/criminal justice.

A.   True

B.   False

4: Researchers study populations to make inferences about samples.

A.   True

B.   False

5: Descriptive research is conducted for the purpose of describing a particular phenomenon that is occurring.

A.   True

B.   False

6: Which of the following is a software package used for criminology/criminal justice research?



C.   SAS

D.   All of these

7: Evaluation research studies are conducted for the purpose of ______.

A.   Replication

B.   Examining the effectiveness of policy, programs, or interventions

C.   Studying events in which researchers have limited knowledge

D.   None of these

8: What are methods?

A.   The process used to obtain scientific results

B.   The manner in which research is written

C.   How researchers decide what to study

D.   A complex type of statistical analysis

9: It is good to be well versed in what type of math to be successful in statistics?

A.   Calculus

B.   Structural equation modeling

C.   Basic algebra

D.   Geometry

10: According to the text, the Point of Science can best be described as ______.

A.   A complex process aimed to confuse students

B.   The process of gathering information and knowledge that is accepted by other scientists

C.   How we study the world around us

D.   None of these

11: What is the purpose of replicating a study in criminology/criminal justice research?

A.   To see if previous studies are accurate, when new samples are used

B.   To simply retest exactly what has been done before

C.   To publish another article

D.   None of these

12: Which of the following is considered a feature of hypothesis testing?

A.   Provides a way to prove scientific laws

B.   Increases the potential for a Type II error

C.   Provides small pieces of theories that must be true in order for scientific explanations to hold

D.   None of these

13: How do statistics relate to the criminal justice system/criminology?

A.   They help inform policy.

B.   They form the backbone of scientific research.

C.   They help test important hypotheses and theories.

D.   All of these

14: Which of the following describes the process of probability sampling?

A.   A process that ensures the sample mirrors the population from which it is drawn.

B.   A process that involves hypothesis testing.

C.   A process that ensures the population mirrors the sample from which it is drawn.

D.   None of these

15: Which of the following statements increase the potential for being successful in introductory level statistics?

A.   Being willing to spend time and effort practicing

B.   Being able to understand multivariate regression the first day of class

C.   Being great at math

D.   Understanding complex calculus-based equations

16: Is descriptive research studies done solely for the purpose of describing a particular phenomenon as it occurs in a sample?

A.   True

B.   False

17: _____ is studies intended to assess the results of programs or interventions for purposes of discovering whether those programs or interventions appear to be effective.

A.   Evaluation research

B.   None of these

C.   Categorical

D.   Continuous

18: _____ is defined as studies that address issues that have not been examined much or at all in prior research and that therefore might lack firm theoretical and empirical grounding.

A.   Exploratory research

B.   Choose a statistical statistic

C.   Make a prediction

D.   None of these

19: _____ is known as a single proposition, deduced from a theory, that must hold true in order for the theory itself to be considered valid.

A.   None of these

B.   Hypothesis

C.   Coefficient of determination

D.   Sign

20: Is methods the procedures used to gather and analyze scientific data?

A.   True

B.   False

21: _____ is the universe of people, objects, or locations that researchers wish to study. These groups are often very large.

A.   Population

B.   Ratio

C.   None of these

D.   Ordinal

22: _____ is defined as a sampling technique in which all people, objects, or areas in a population have a known chance of being selected into the sample.

A.   Hypothesis

B.   All of these

C.   Probability sampling

D.   Coefficient of determination

23: _____ is known as the repetition of a particular study that is conducted for purposes of determining whether the original study’s results hold when new samples or measures are employed.

A.   The standard error

B.   Replication

C.   The standard deviation

D.   None of these

24: Is sample a subset pulled from a population with the goal of ultimately using the people, objects, or places in the sample as a way to generalize to the population?

A.   False

B.   True

25: _____ is the process of gathering and analyzing data in a systematic and controlled way using procedures that are generally accepted by others in the discipline.

A.   None of these

B.   They examine the mean differently.

C.   The t is several different curves, unlike a fixed z curve.

D.   Science

26: _____ is defined as a set of proposed and testable explanations about reality that are bound together by logic and evidence.

A.   Dependent samples t

B.   Theory

C.   None of these

D.   Independent samples t

27: Edwin sutherland applied elements of ________ theory to white-collar crime.

A.   Differential association

B.   Strain

C.   Corporate culture

D.   Control

28: According to relative deprivation theory, ________ can be blamed for most crime.

A.   Socialization into a violent subculture

B.   Inconsistencies in the ability to achieve the American Dream

C.   Growing up in a transitional neighborhood

D.   Being held to a middle class measuring rod