Geology MCQs

Geology MCQs

Try to answer these Geology MCQs and check your understanding of the Geology subject. Scroll down and let's begin!

1: ________ rocks always originate at the surface of the solid earth.

A.   Secondary

B.   Igneous

C.   Metamorphic

D.   Sedimentary

2: A long-lived magma source located in the mantle is called a ________.

A.   Basalt spout

B.   Melt well

C.   Magma welt

D.   Hot spot

3: Geologically, ________ are actually submerged parts of the continents.

A.   Continental shelves

B.   Coastal guyots

C.   Both of these

D.   None of these

4: Particles moving by saltation are transported in the _______ load.

A.   Meanders

B.   Rectangular

C.   Bed

D.   None of these

5: The bend in the stone walls in the town of hollister, california are a result of __________.

A.   Shear stress (Pacific Plate moved north relative to the North American Plate, shear stress was exerted on the rocks.)

B.   P waves are faster than S waves.

C.   A fault creep along the Calaveras Fault

D.   The outer core of Earth is liquid

6: Creep is __________.

A.   Permanently frozen ground of tundra and subarctic climates that has remained 0°C for two years or more

B.   Mass wasting by the gradual downhill movement of sediment, influenced by freeze-thaw or wet-dry cycles

C.   The trunks become tilted in the downhill direction due to creep, but continue to grow toward the sun.

D.   Slow and subtle movement of material

7: Titicaca is the ___

A.   World's highest navigable lake

B.   Lost city of the Incas

C.   Highest waterfall in the world

D.   Largest rain forest in the world

8: _______ refers to a series of vertical zones with distinctive climate and vegetation regimes

A.   Altitudinal zonation

B.   Sedimentation

C.   Temperature inversions

D.   Urban expanses

9: A(n) ________ texture represents a single, long period of cooling and crystallization.

A.   Glassy

B.   Phaneritic

C.   Aphanitic

D.   Pyroclastic

10: A(n) ________ is a silicate structure where no silica tetrahedra share any oxygen ions.

A.   Single Chain

B.   Double Chain

C.   Framework

D.   Independent

11: A(n) ________ is likely to host a waterfall or steep rapids today.

A.   Outwash plain

B.   Hanging valley

C.   Striated drumlin

D.   Horn peak

12: Foliated metamorphic rocks possess ________.

A.   Mineral grains in preferred orientations or patterns of association (banding)

B.   Both are dominated by minerals that produce equant grains

C.   Aureole

D.   Rock becomes deeply buried during continental collision and mountain building

13: An episode of mountain building is termed a(n) ________.

A.   Orogeny

B.   Phylogeny

C.   Aureole

D.   Slickenside

14: An intermediate product in the transformation of snow to glacial ice is ________.

A.   Firn

B.   Deposition

C.   Ablation

D.   Terminus

15: A classification of metamorphic rocks would include whether they are ____.

A.   Foliated or nonfoliated

B.   Arrangement of mineral grains

C.   Growth in the size of the mineral grains

D.   Metamorphic rocks

16: The suspended load of a stream _____

A.   Unending circulation of Earth's water supply

B.   The lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel

C.   Natural background reservoirs of stream and hot water

D.   Usually consists of fine sand, silt, and clay-sized particles