Philosophy MCQs

Philosophy MCQs

These Philosophy multiple-choice questions and their answers will help you strengthen your grip on the subject of Philosophy. You can prepare for an upcoming exam or job interview with these 50+ Philosophy MCQs.
So scroll down and start answering.

1: ________ and _________ are nonconsequentialist theories.

A.   Egoism, utilitarianism

B.   Act utilitarianism, rule utilitarianism

C.   The divine command theory, the Kantian theory

2: ______________ was a judge in israel

A.   Othniel

B.   Ehud

C.   Shamgar

D.   Deborah

E.   Gideon

3: ______________ was not a judge in israel.

A.   Eglon

B.   Micah

C.   Both of above

D.   Shamgar

4: "out of sight, out of mind" can describe the behavior of a child who lacks the concept of _____.

A.   Conservation

B.   Separation anxiety

C.   Attachment

D.   Object permanence

5: "prison" study is to "shock" study as _____ is to _____.

A.   Zimbardo; Asch

B.   Zimbardo; Milgram

C.   Milgram; Zimbardo

D.   Festinger; Milgram

6: On paul’s first missionary journey he took ___________ and ___________ with him.

A.   Barnabas/ John Mark

B.   John Mark/ Barnabas

C.   Both of these

D.   None of these

7: John locke is to immanuel kant as ________ is to ________.

A.   Figure; ground.

B.   Perception; sensation.

C.   Nurture; nature

8: The final stage of kohlberg's theory is the _____ level of development.

A.   Formal operational

B.   Nonconventional

C.   Concrete operational

D.   Postconventional

9: To solve an ethical dilemma, decision makers try to make a(n) ______ argument.

A.   Morals

B.   Sexual Harassment

C.   Rational

D.   None of these

10: The two parts of an argument are _________ and _________.

A.   Premises,Conclusions

B.   Claims,Reasons

C.   Premises,Claims

D.   Claims,Conclusions

11: The philosophy of muscular christianity stressed that __________________________.

A.   Enjoyed watching professionals competing in gladiatorial sports

B.   Young people today are significantly more overweight than the young people of the 1960s

C.   Increase in sport opportunities for girls and boys below the high school level

D.   Sports activities reinforced moral values and should not be prohibited by religions

12: Restating in your own words what you think the other person is saying is called_____.

A.   Self focus

B.   Active listening

C.   Paraphrasing

D.   Responding

13: Social ______ relates to a business's impact on society.

A.   Responsibility.

B.   Strategy.

C.   Ethics.

D.   Law.

E.   Rule

14: In a propositional argument form the variables represent _____________.

A.   Arguments

B.   Logical relationships

C.   Sentences

D.   Anything the arguer wants them to.

E.   Categories

15: In the context of the argument making, there is no point to giving reasons __________.

A.   If the listener is not going to rely on those reasons in deciding what to believe with regard to the claim

B.   If the listener is not sure about whether the speaker's claim is true or false

C.   If the speaker is often occasionally confused or mistaken about the facts of the matter

D.   If the speaker is not going to listen to what the other person has to say in reply

16: One of the tips for mastering change is to recognize ____ as the labor of the information age.

A.   Learning

B.   Responding

C.   Adapting

D.   Technology

17: The article by william baxter utilized primarily ________ reasoning.

A.   Natural law

B.   Ecocentric

C.   Relativism

D.   Anthropocentric

18: This form of inductive argument moves from the specific to the general __________.

A.   Inductive generalization

B.   Statistical syllogism

C.   Argument from analogy

D.   None of these

19: One way to make an inductive argument weaker is to __________.

A.   Make the conclusion weaker

B.   Make an inductive argument

C.   Providing more evidence

D.   None of these

20: According to ____, there is no single correct universally applicable moral standard.

A.   Cultural relativism

B.   Hedonism

C.   Wollstonecraft

21: According to freud, when the moral standards of the _____ are violated, the individual feels _____.

A.   Id; anger

B.   Ego; shame

C.   Conscience; guilt

D.   Ego ideal; doubt

22: A conditioned emotional response involves the pairing of a ________ with a(n) ________.

A.   Tone; food

B.   Neutral stimulus; aversive emotion-inducing stimulus

C.   Light; injection of lithium chloride

D.   Neutral stimulus; food

E.   Aversive stimulus; aversive stimulus

23: According to a. j. ayer, ________.

A.   Relations of ideas

B.   Matters of fact

C.   Tautologies

D.   Empirical claims

E.   None of the above.

24: For james, the "conditions" of mental life are the influences of ____.

A.   The environment we have adapted to

B.   Consciousness

C.   The body

D.   The central nervous system

E.   The irrational

25: If a caregiver disagrees with a physician's written orders, the caregiver __________.

A.   Provide guidance to those faced with ethical dilemmas

B.   Should seek clarification from the ordering physician

C.   Has a duty to provide those services to the public

D.   Should contact the physician for clarification of the order

E.   Vary with risks associated with a particular profession

26: Illuminate live is a lecture program used in schools and is considered a(n) _________ tool.

A.   Web conferencing

B.   Social networking

C.   Videoconferencing

D.   Website bookmark

27: In ipv6, the payload length gives the number of octets in the ________.

A.   Entire packet

B.   Entire packet minus the main header

C.   Entire packet minus the main and extension headers

D.   Entire packet minus the extension headers

28: According to descartes, the enduring self is characterized by ________.

A.   Thought

B.   Functionalist

C.   Existential

D.   Rulers

29: For socrates the good of the soul is attained only through an uncompromising search for _____.

A.   Scientific laws

B.   What's true and real

C.   A theory of everything

D.   What's physically necessary

30: In _______________ utilitarianism, only the basic utility derived from an action is examined.

A.   Rule

B.   Act

C.   Hypothetical

D.   Categorical

31: A(n) __________ presents a consideration for the acceptance of a claim.

A.   ​argument

B.   ​The Delphi technique

C.   Customers

D.   All of this

32: These lines from the declaration of independence are an example of the use of _______________.

A.   Ethos

B.   Logos

C.   Both A and B

D.   None of these

33: Anselm assumes that a being that exists in reality is greater than a being that _____.

A.   Is worshipped

B.   Is embodied

C.   Exists only in the understanding

D.   Exists without flaws

34: According to modern logicians, statements of the form all p is q are ________ when no p exists.

A.   Invalid false

B.   Meaningless

C.   True unsound

D.   All of these

35: Aristotle states that a human being is happy when he or she ______.

A.   Acts reasonably

B.   Apathetic

C.   Ethical absolutism

D.   Contemporary

36: Choose all that apply: plato categorized world into ___________________ and ______________________.

A.   Sensible and intelligible

B.   Models and copiers

C.   Describe and predict

D.   Violence and competitiveness

37: If god has excellent reasons for laying down the moral law, then _____.

A.   These reasons

B.   Not God's commands

C.   Are what make actions right or wrong

D.   All of the above

38: Karl popper, a 20th-century philosopher, claimed that genuine scientific theories are __________.

A.   Falsifiable.

B.   Reproducible.

C.   Verifiable.

D.   Confirmable.

39: Fiat is understood to mean a(n) ______ or a decree?

A.   Command

B.   Instruction

C.   Order

D.   Law

40: Kierkegaard laments that society has replaced individuals with _____.

A.   Religious devotion

B.   Workers

C.   People who have “forgotten what it means to exist”

D.   None of these

41: ___________________ communicates meaning, passion, and intensity.

A.   Telepathy

B.   Anonymity

C.   Reason

D.   Voice

42: A great deal of legislation originates in _____.

A.   Economic downturns

B.   Corporate boardrooms

C.   Specialized agencies

D.   Secret

43: Subjectivism differs from relativism in that it is __________ rather than __________.

A.   Individual; collective

B.   Moral objectivity

C.   Utilitarian; kantian

D.   Public; private

44: ________ refers to global evaluations of the self.

A.   Self-esteem

B.   Neglected

C.   Perspective taking

D.   Self-efficacy

45: As part of your resistance posture you should portray ______ at all times

A.   Knowledge

B.   Innocence

C.   Confidence

D.   Arrogance

46: John locke disagreed with the doctrine of innate ideas. according to locke, ____.

A.   Innate ideas once existed in the human mind, but modern humans do not have them

B.   Innate ideas only exist in the most intelligent human beings; most people do not have innate ideas

C.   Innate ideas stay in the unconscious mind and never reach the level of consciousness

D.   The mind is a blank slate at birth; therefore, there are no innate ideas

47: Platos dialogues, including the apologia, _____.

A.   Are classical texts

B.   Contain basically one point of view

C.   Are conversations between Plato and Socrates

D.   Are translations of Socrates’s exact words

48: It can be said that descartes offered a _________ view of the self.

A.   Feminist.

B.   Relational.

C.   Athiest

D.   Atomistic

49: In argumentation, criticism is __________.

A.   A negative thing that tears people down

B.   An evaluation of elements outside of the argument

C.   A way to make oneself look smarter than another

D.   An evaluation of the strengths and weaknesses of the argument

50: The basic idea behind empiricism is that ________.

A.   Everything we know is the result of our experience

B.   Everything we know is the result of divine revelation (by self)

C.   Both of these (by self0

D.   None of these (by self)