Agile Methodologies MCQs

Agile Methodologies MCQs

Our team has conducted extensive research to compile a set of Agile Methodologies MCQs. We encourage you to test your Agile Methodologies knowledge by answering these 90 multiple-choice questions provided below.
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1: Teams may encounter the need for "technical" user stories. Who decides the priority of these?

A.   The Product Owner with help from Operations

B.   The Tech Lead with help from the Product Owner

C.   The Product Owner with help from the Tech Lead

D.   The Tech Lead with help from Operations

2: What is the Scrum Master's role during the daily stand-up?

A.   Congratulate the team on their great work.

B.   Stand outside the circle of developers and listen for impediments.

C.   The Scrum Master should not attend—this meeting is for developers only.

D.   Ask each developer what they did since the last daily standup

3: Which factor should not be considered during Sprint Planning?

A.   The team's velocity

B.   The number of stories in the product backlog

C.   The stories that are ready

D.   The team's capacity

4: A team member has been showing signs of great personal distress: crying at work, snapping at colleagues, having heated phone conversations. As Team Facilitator, what should you do?

A.   Give the team member space and time to deal with their personal issues.

B.   Tell the others on the team that their teammate needs some emotional support.

C.   Notify the team member's manager of your observations and ask the manager for help.

D.   Ask the team member if they would like to talk about what might be going on with them personally

5: Which statement describes the flow of work in the Scaled Agile Framework?

A.   It is a "push" system

B.   It is "push" at the top and "pull" at the bottom

C.   It is a "pull" system

D.   It is neither "push" nor "pull."

6: What is the Product Owner's role in deciding the priority of work in the sprint backlog?

A.   None—the Scrum Master should prioritize the work in the sprint backlog.

B.   The PO should prioritize the items in the sprint backlog.

C.   The developers prioritize work unless they cannot complete it, in which case the PO should prioritize the remaining work.

D.   None—the developers should prioritize the work in the sprint backlog.

7: The Scaled Agile Framework advocates that, if you measure only one thing, what should you measure?

A.   Quality

B.   Predictability of delivery

C.   Cost of delay

D.   Return on investment

8: Why should you apply Weighted Shortest Job First?

A.   To maximize the return on investment

B.   To determine the economic sequencing of the backlog

C.   To visualize queue length

D.   To fulfill a commitment to quality

9: You have classified the features in your backlog according to risk and value. Which features should the development team work on first?

A.   Low-value and high-risk

B.   High-value and high-risk

C.   High-value and low-risk

D.   Low-value and low-risk

10: In the Scaled Agile Framework, what is the role of Enablers?

A.   They help extend the Architectural Runway.

B.   They connect vision to mission so the organization can be successful.

C.   They support team building.

D.   They remove the impediments to quality.

11: Which outcome is not expected of a Sprint Review?

A.   The team demonstrates its completed work.

B.   The team reflects on how to improve its performance.

C.   Items in the backlog may be reprioritized.

D.   Stakeholders give feedback about the work completed.

12: What is not a technique used for splitting user stories?

A.   Split by line-of-business

B.   Split compound user stories

C.   Split by alternative paths

D.   Split by interface

13: Who decides what the team will work on?

A.   The Scrum Master

B.   A self-organizing team

C.   The Product Owner

D.   The Product Manager

14: Which choice is not a Scrum value?

A.   Focus

B.   Integrity

C.   Courage

D.   Commitment

15: What should happen if the Product Owner does not accept a story by the end of the iteration?

A.   The team does not get credit for the story's points in its velocity calculation.

B.   The story should be sliced to reflect the work completed.

C.   The acceptance criteria should be adjusted to reflect the work completed.

D.   The story should be shown to stakeholders for their feedback.

16: Which statement is not true about the product backlog?

A.   It is a list of work items that are behind schedule.

B.   The items are maintained in priority order.

C.   Anyone on the team can propose an item for it.

D.   It includes all of the work to be done

17: A project has some major risks that the team wants to mitigate. What is the best way to monitor how well this effort is going?

A.   Risk-based spike

B.   Risk-adjusted backlog

C.   Risk velocity chart

D.   Risk burndown graph

18: The VP of Engineering wants to start giving out a "Team Member of the Sprint" award to recognize a top performer in each group. What advice should you give this VP?

A.   This is unhelpful unless there has been recent employee feedback indicating that people feel underappreciated.

B.   This is a good idea as long as a different person is recognized in each sprint.

C.   This is a good idea because awards can motivate people to do their best.

D.   This is unhelpful because it can destroy the team unity essential to achieving high performance.

19: What is a difference between a team's task board and a Kanban?

A.   A Kanban has an explicit rule to limit WIP.

B.   A Kanban shows the backlog of work.

C.   A Kanban does not use a Definition of Done.

D.   A Kanban shows the status of the work items.

20: The team complains that "things have been falling through the cracks lately." What should you do?

A.   Ask the team's manager to make role assignments so the team can catch up.

B.   Conduct a workshop to identify all of the things that need to be done and see who can help with each.

C.   Refer to the team's RACI (Responsible, Accountable, Consulted, Informed) assignments.

D.   Meet with the Tech Lead and Product Owner to try to identify what can be done.

A.   One Scrum Master can support up to five teams.

B.   Large teams should have two Scrum Masters.

C.   There should be one Scrum Master per team.

D.   One Scrum Master can support one to three teams.

22: In the Cynefin framework, where are "best practices" most appropriate?

A.   In the Complex regime

B.   In the Complicated regime

C.   In the Chaotic regime

D.   In the Obvious regime

23: A manager informs you that a developer from another team is between assignments, and she wants to place the developer on your team for a few sprints. What should you do?

A.   Explain to the manager that this will be disruptive to the team and ask that another assignment be found.

B.   Explain the situation to the team and ask them to go with the flow.

C.   Explain the situation to your manager and ask them to resolve it.

D.   When the temporary developer shows up, assign them to write documentation.

24: The Product Owner complains to you that the team is not working hard enough and they need to increase their velocity by at least 50%. Which action should you not take?

A.   Share the feedback from the PO and challenge the team to increase their velocity.

B.   Ask the PO to explain the business context to the team.

C.   Explain the impact of technical debt to the PO and the benefits of devoting some capacity to reducing it.

D.   Hold a Value Stream Mapping workshop to identify and reduce waste.

25: What is the name of the practice in which a cross-functional team collaborates intensively to develop a new product idea?

A.   Hackathon

B.   Scrum at Scale

C.   Innovation and Planning

D.   Magnum Focus

26: The team's manager wants to attend the Sprint Retrospective. What should you do?

A.   Agree to the manager's request and notify the team.

B.   Propose that the manager attend only every other retrospective.

C.   Propose a different forum for the manager to meet with the team.

D.   Ask the team if it is okay with them that the manager attend.

27: Who is responsible for a Scrum team's performance?

A.   The team

B.   The Scrum Master

C.   The Product Owner

D.   The Engineering Manager

28: Which statement concerning small, frequent releases of software is true?

A.   The chance for rollback is high.

B.   It typically requires a high degree of automation.

C.   The administrative costs are high.

D.   Backward compatibility may be jeopardized.

29: What is the activity of clarifying and expanding user stories called?

A.   Story point estimating

B.   Definition of Done

C.   User story expansion

D.   Backlog refinement

30: Which strategy is preferred for development teams?

A.   Optimize for most work done.

B.   Maximize output and maximize outcome.

C.   Maximize outcome while minimizing output.

D.   Optimize for resource utilization.

31: Which statement is true about the actor in a user story?

A.   The actor does not have to be a specified role in the solution.

B.   There must be multiple personas for each actor.

C.   The actor can be the system itself.

D.   The system cannot be the actor.

32: Which statement is true about Agile?

A.   Agile requires a high degree of up-front planning.

B.   Once the requirements are agreed to, the team can complete work.

C.   Agile requires a high degree of discipline.

D.   Agile works best when there is no contract.

33: Which statement about burndown and burnup charts is not true?

A.   Burndown charts show the work remaining to be done.

B.   Burnup charts show the work completed.

C.   Burndown charts are more useful than burnup charts.

D.   Agile project management tools can produce these automatically.

34: What is the name for the practice of going to see a process in use at the point of value delivery?

A.   Six Sigma

B.   Gemba walk

C.   Total Quality Management

D.   Kaizen

35: When the team needs to make a decision, what is the best course of action?

A.   Try to achieve concensus.

B.   Take a vote and the majority rules.

C.   Identify the person who is most knowledgeable and ask them to decide.

D.   Let the most senior member of the team decide.

36: Which action is something the Team Facillitator should NOT do?

A.   Embrace servant leadership.

B.   Estimate story points.

C.   Celebrate successes.

D.   Remove impediments

37: A team needs to do research, design, prototyping. What is this type of story called?

A.   Exploratory spike

B.   Backlog refinement

C.   Functional decomposition

D.   R&D

38: Which statement about technical debt is true?

A.   Technical debt is another name for bugs

B.   It is at the Product Owner's description to allocate effort to reduce technical debt.

C.   Adding technical debt should be avoided at all costs.

D.   Technical debt is what the Product Owner owes to the developers if they work a lot of overtime to complete the sprint.

39: Which statement about estimating is not true?

A.   Absolute estimating is more reliable than relative estimating.

B.   Relative estimating is more reliable than absolute estimating.

C.   In estimating, accuracy is more important than precision.

D.   In estimating, the effort is more important than the time required.

40: Which ceremony should the Product Owner not attend?

A.   Daily stand-ups

B.   Sprint Retrospectives

C.   Story point estimating

D.   Code reviews

41: Which task is not the Product Owners responsibility?

A.   Estimating story points

B.   Refining acceptance criteria

C.   Giving feedback to developers about the user stories

D.   Demonstrating the work to stakeholders

42: Which choice is _not_ considered during Sprint Planning?

A.   Stories that meet the Definition of Done

B.   Team velocity

C.   Stories that meet the Definition of Ready

D.   Team capacity

43: You have noticed a pattern that the most interesting stories on the Sprint Backlog get started right away, and the least interesting stories languish or don't get done. What should you do?

A.   Use a lottery system assign each story.

B.   Share your observation with the team and invite them to own and solve the problem.

C.   During story point estimation increase the points assigned to the least interesting stories so the team can boost their velocity.

D.   Ask the Tech Lead to assign every story to a developer so they all get done efficiently and with accountability.

44: What Agile practice best supports this principle: "At regular intervals, the team reflects on how to become more effective, then tunes and adjusts its behavior accordingly"?

A.   Sprint Review

B.   Sprint Retrospective

C.   Daily stand-up

D.   Sprint Demo

45: On what are personas typically based?

A.   A sponsors or team members' personalities and traits

B.   What the developers think is user friendly

C.   Real people, archetypal users, or composites of multiple users

D.   Descriptions of the product's functionality and use

46: Which statement describes Shu Ha Ri?

A.   It is a library of coding patterns.

B.   It is a software testing strategy.

C.   It is a standard for interface design.

D.   It is a model for skill development and mastery

47: What does the Agile Manifesto indicate?

A.   Responding to change is more valuable than following a plan.

B.   Documenting requirements up front is more valuable than at the end.

C.   Following the plan is essential for not going over budget.

D.   Contract negotiation should be used to settle disputes.

48: What is the main benefit of a working agreement?

A.   It specifies core working hours.

B.   It clarifies the reporting relationships on the team.

C.   It defines the culture that the team aspires to achieve.

D.   It compiles everyone's information.

49: What is the name of the information radiator that has multiple columns used to visualize the flow of work?

A.   Work Flow Indicator

B.   Value Stream Map

C.   Story Map

D.   Kanban Board

50: Which is the best definition of story points?

A.   They are a relative measure of the effort needed to complete a story.

B.   They a measure of development time only, test time is considered separately.

C.   They are a relative measure of the value of a story.

D.   They are a measure of time to complete a story