Aging MCQs

Aging MCQs

The following Aging MCQs have been compiled by our experts through research, in order to test your knowledge of the subject of Aging. We encourage you to answer these 40 multiple-choice questions to assess your proficiency.
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1: The study of aging and the elderly is called

A.   Geriatrics.

B.   Gerontology.

C.   Geropsychology.

D.   Geropsychiatry.

2: Sociologists examine age and the process of aging through a

A.   Gendered lens.

B.   Systemic discrimination theory.

C.   Demographic understanding.

D.   Life course perspective.

3: In 1900 the median age of the U. S. population was __________ ; whereas in 2030, the median age is predicted to be __________ .

A.   17 years; 36 years

B.   36 years; 17 years

C.   23 years; 42 years

D.   42 years; 23 years

4: All of the following are causes of population aging except

A.   Longer life expectancy.

B.   Decreasing urbanization.

C.   A decline in birth rates.

D.   Effects of birth cohorts.

5: Voting and military enlistment are examples of

A.   Birth cohorts.

B.   Demographic predictions.

C.   Stereotypes of aging.

D.   Formal age norms.

6: The author uses the term elderly to refer to those individuals aged

A.   55 years or older.

B.   60 years or older.

C.   65 years or older.

D.   70 years or older.

7: Sam and Alex are a retired couple who live in Phoenix Arizon Both Sam and Alex enjoy golf, theatre, and volunteering in their community. Sam and Alex are examples of

A.   Disengaged aging.

B.   Mature seniors.

C.   Prolific aging.

D.   Yuppie seniors.

8: The Social Security and Medicare Boards of Trustees (2007) predicts that all workers born after the year __________ will reach full retirement age after the Social Security Trust Funds is deplete

A.   1975

B.   1984

C.   1998

D.   2015

9: Jack is a 74-year-old retired professor who has been hospitalized following a heart attack. Which program will most likely help pay some of Jack

A.   Social Security

B.   Unemployment Insurance

C.   Medicare Part A

D.   Medicare Part B

10: Which of the following is a stigma of aging?

A.   Frail

B.   Competent

C.   Wise

D.   Powerful

11: What is one of the most negative attributes of being identified as old in our society?

A.   Unlikable

B.   Competent

C.   Dependent

D.   Untrustworthy

12: Research by McConatha et al. (2003) found that which country tends to view aging more negatively than Americans?

A.   Germany

B.   China

C.   Sweden

D.   Mexico

13: The current public pension system in the United States is based on average life expectancy at the time of retirement.

A.   True

B.   False

14: Research suggests that aging is socially constructed through a gendered lens.

A.   True

B.   False

15: Medicare Part B is financed through a payroll tax paid equally by employers and workers.

A.   True

B.   False

16: The use of real or perceived chronological age as a basis for discrimination is called_______.

A.   Ageism

B.   Aging

C.   Fertility

D.   Childhoosh

17: A social process constructed from the expectations and belief systems of the structural characteristics of society is called

A.   Ageism

B.   Aging

C.   Fertility

D.   Childhoosh

18: The number of children under the age of 16 per 100 adults ages 16 to ____ is called the Child Dependency Ratio.

A.   65

B.   55

C.   64

D.   63

19: _______ theory that utilizes the concept of normal aging as a basis for explaining how older individuals adjust

A.   Non-Continuity

B.   Aging

C.   Continuity

D.   Medicare

20: The number of children born per ______ women during their prime fertility period is calle fertility rate

A.   1000

B.   2000

C.   100

D.   1500

21: Generational Inequity explains the situation in which older-age members of a society receive a disproportionate share of the society’s resources relative to younger members; perceptions that such inequity exists lead to calls for adjustments to ensure greater economic and social parity between generations

A.   True

B.   False

22: Gerontocracy is A system in which older-age citizens have the power to run the government and dictate policies that primarily support people in their age category

A.   True

B.   False

23: The average number of years a baby born in any given year can expect to live is called

A.   Death Expectancy

B.   Birth Expectancy

C.   Life Expectancy

D.   Expire Expectancy

24: A federal/state program that provides a variety of social services to those identified as eligible based on state-specific criteria is called

A.   Medicaid

B.   Medicare

C.   Medical

D.   Dentist

25: ___ explain a federal health care program for those age 65 and over. The program is divided into four parts that address health coverage for services provided by physicians and hospitals as well as prescription drug coverage

A.   Medicaid

B.   Medicare

C.   Medical

D.   Dentist

26: Old-Age Dependency Ratio describes the number of older persons age 65 and over for every 100 adults between the ages of 16 and ____

A.   65

B.   64

C.   63

D.   62

27: A measure of the number of individuals or groups in poverty, expressed in absolute or relative terms is called

A.   Birth Rate

B.   Poverty Rate

C.   Death Rate

D.   Life Rate

28: Sex ratio expalins the number of males for every 100 females in the general population or within some designated segment, such as among those age _____ and over

A.   64

B.   65

C.   66

D.   67

29: Social Security describe A federal program that provides monthly benefit payments to older workers who have participated in the workforce and paid into the system

A.   True

30: Total Dependency Ratio explain the number of children under the age of 16 and the number of older persons age 65 and over for every 100 adults ages 16 to ____

A.   65

B.   64

C.   63

D.   62

31: Welfare States explain Government provision of services essential to the well-being of large or significant segments of the population that are not possible or profitable within the private sector

A.   True

B.   False

32: Calorie restriction may _____.

A.   Slow down aging

B.   Speed up aging

C.   Increase the risk of diabetes

D.   Increase the rate of death

33: Exercise is something that should be __________.

A.   Painful.

B.   Inconvenient.

C.   Enjoyable.

D.   Exhausting

34: _____ is a buildup of fluid within the eye.

A.   Osteoporosis

B.   Glaucoma

C.   Cataracts

D.   Macular degeneration

35: _____ pay structures have few pay levels and small differences in pay between levels.

A.   Hierarchical

B.   ​Compressed

C.   ​Graded

D.   ​Stratified

E.   ​Commissioned

A.   Last request

B.   Dying will

C.   Living will

D.   Easy death order

37: Friendships reach their peak of functional significance during _____.

A.   Adolescence.

B.   Emerging adulthood.

C.   Middle adulthood.

D.   Late adulthood

38: Levinson sees the twenties as a(n) _____ phase of adult development.

A.   Novice

B.   Emerging adulthood.

C.   Middle adulthood.

D.   Late adulthood

39: The average life expectancy for men is ______ years, for women ______ years.

A.   76; 81

B.   81: 75.

C.   65; 84.

D.   84; 65

40: Thinking that occurs without deliberate, conscious thought is ______ processing.

A.   Strategic

B.   Flexible

C.   Automatic

D.   Intuitive

41: With regard to elections and public policy debates, the elderly tend _____.

A.   To always vote in support of their economic interests

B.   To uniformly support the candidate or measure endorsed by AARP

C.   To be divided

D.   To look to their adult children for guidance

42: Practical intelligence is supported by _____.

A.   GPA and advanced degrees

B.   Education and wealth

C.   Health and nutrition

D.   Experience and flexibility

43: In a ______, the greatest wealth, power, and prestige belong to a society's oldest members.

A.   Meritocracy

B.   Theocracy

C.   Gerontocracy

D.   Democracy