Nutrition MCQs

Nutrition MCQs

Answer these 700+ Nutrition MCQs and assess your grip on the subject of Nutrition. Scroll below and get started!

1: ________ and vitamin b12 are b vitamins needed for keeping red blood cells healthy.

A.   Vitamin D

B.   Folate

C.   Riboflavin

D.   Vitamin K

2: ________ provide less energy per gram than ________.

A.   Carbohydrates; proteins

B.   Carbohydrates; fats

C.   Plant fats; animal fats

D.   Plant proteins; animal proteins

3: ___________ is/are the primary fuel for the brain and red blood cells.

A.   Glucose

B.   Salmon

C.   Chylomicron

D.   Palm oil

4: A desirable blood lipid profile would include a(n) ________ .

A.   They provide the cells with energy

B.   The presence of hydrogenated fats

C.   The bile is recycled via the liver to the gallbladder

D.   LDL cholesterol of < 100 mg/dL

5: A division is always associated with _____

A.   Dichotomy

B.   Latin

C.   Linnaeus

D.   Morphology

E.   Plants

6: A hydrophilic vitamin is ____.

A.   Synthesis of collagen

B.   Vitamin c & b

C.   The B vitamins and vitamin C

D.   Production of red blood cells falters

7: A lack of body fat can result in _____.

A.   ​a ruptured esophagus

B.   Percent body fat​

C.   Infertility in women​

D.   ​waist circumference

8: A rise from 98.6° to 99.6° f, results in a ______% rise in basal metabolic rate.

A.   10

B.   7

C.   5

D.   1

9: After age ____ or so, the rate of cell breakdown begins to exceed the rate of cell renewal.

A.   25

B.   30

C.   35

D.   55

10: After digestion and absorption, dietary carbohydrates may be ________.

A.   Dietary protein can be used for protein synthesis and other vital processes, rather than being used as a source of energy

B.   The protein loses its biological activity. It destroys the protein's ability to function normally.

C.   Used for energy, converted to glycogen and stored in liver and muscle tissue, synthesized into fat

D.   Build and repair tissue

11: All amino acids contain carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and ___.

A.   Peptide bonds

B.   Essential amino acids

C.   Nitrogen

D.   Positive nitrogen balance

12: Carbohydrates are stored in the body in the _____ and _____.

A.   Glycogen

B.   Sugar

C.   Starch

D.   Sucrose

13: Cholecystokinin (cck) stimulates the _____ to secrete _____.

A.   Pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine

B.   The hollow organs of the digestive system, large intestine

C.   Large intestine, high fructose corn syrup contains more fructose than refined sugar.

D.   Pancreas ... pancreatic enzymes

14: Complete proteins contain all the essential amino acids and are typically ____.

A.   Monosaccharides

B.   Loss of estrogen

C.   Of animal origin

D.   Protein deficiency

A.   Are used on Nutrition Facts panels

B.   Are based on 2 sets of dietary standards

C.   Are not gender-specific

D.   All of the above are correct.

16: Dietary fat in the intestines ________ cholesterol absorption

A.   Decreases

B.   Increases

C.   Has no effect on

D.   Prevents

17: Essential fatty acids should make up ______ percent of the total fat intake of infants.

A.   12

B.   14

C.   15

D.   16

18: Fasting or starvation accelerates ________.

A.   Gluconeogenesis

B.   Ketone production

C.   Body protein breakdown

D.   Body fat breakdown

E.   All of these

19: For cvd prevention, trans fat in the diet should account for less than ____ percent of calories.

A.   1

B.   2

C.   4

D.   5

20: Higher intakes of all of the following except ______ are associated with increased bone mass.

A.   Calcium.

B.   Vitamin D.

C.   Vitamin C.

D.   Sodium.

21: Immediately after a meal, ghrelin levels __________; high levels of ghrelin __________ hunger.

A.   Decrease; increase

B.   Increase; decrease

C.   Decrease; constant

D.   Constant; increase

22: In the digestive system, peristalsis is _____.

A.   A process of fat emulsification in the small intestine

B.   Voluntary control of the rectal sphincters regulating defecation

C.   The transport of nutrients to the liver through the hepatic portal vessel

D.   Smooth muscle contractions that move food along the esophagus

23: In the united states, _____ are more likely to be overweight or obese than other adults.

A.   Non-Hispanic black women

B.   Body Mass Index

C.   Subcutaneous

D.   Storage of lipids and triglycerides.

24: Inside the human body, the mitochondria _____.

A.   Help to assemble amino acids into proteins

B.   Function as a constituent part of cell membranes

C.   Are located in the nucleus

D.   House enzymes that are involved in the process of energy metabolism

E.   Are located outside the cytoplasm

25: Intake of fish, nuts, and whole grains ________ heart disease risk.

A.   May increase

B.   May decrease

C.   Has no impact on

D.   None of these are correct

A.   10

B.   >11

C.   Trans fat

D.   Minerals

27: Ketosis increases with ________.

A.   Fasting

B.   A low carbohydrate diet

C.   Uncontrolled type 1 diabetes mellitus

D.   All of these choices are correct.

28: Lorcaserin hydrochloride (belviq®) is ______ that reduces food intake by regulating appetite.

A.   Stimulus control.

B.   A selective serotonin receptor agonist

C.   Lung cancer.

D.   The body mass index

29: Lumbar _______ is commonly called "swayback."

A.   Lactic acid

B.   Lordosis

C.   Jogging

D.   Ergonomics

30: Margarine and butter are examples of _____.

A.   Substitutes

B.   Cable service

C.   Does not count

D.   Input costs

31: Micronutrients are needed for _____.

A.   More than 100g/day

B.   Less than 100g/day

C.   Smaller

D.   Fat tissue

32: Nutrient recommendations _____.

A.   Tracking a group of individuals who eat low-fat diets every six months over a two-year time frame

B.   Are not minimum requirements, and may not represent optimal intakes for all individuals

C.   Anthropometric data

D.   Risk factors tend to cluster

33: Olive and canola oils contain a high percentage of _____ fatty acids.

A.   Peptide

B.   Chylomicrons

C.   Monosaturated

D.   Hydrogenation

34: On average, americans consume approximately ______% of total kilocalories as fat.

A.   3

B.   True

C.   437

D.   33

35: On average, women receive only ____ milligrams of iron per day

A.   10-14

B.   11-13

C.   12-14

D.   12-13

36: One gram of alcohol is equal to ______________calories

A.   Six

B.   Seven

C.   Eight

D.   Nine

37: One of the monosaccharides is _____.

A.   Lactose

B.   Sucrose

C.   Cellulose

D.   Fructose

38: Peptide yy _____appetite and ghrelin _____appetite

A.   Increases, increases

B.   Increases, decreases

C.   Decreases, increases

D.   Decreases, decreases

39: Phytic acid, tannins, and oxalates ________ the absorption of many minerals.

A.   Increase

B.   Decrease

C.   Constant

D.   None of these

40: Potassium and phosphate are the major ______ electrolytes.

A.   Ion concentration.

B.   Intracellular

C.   Decrease

D.   Fresh spinach.

41: Protein is especially important for older adults to _____.

A.   ​promote sarcopenia

B.   ​prevent macular degeneration

C.   ​support a healthy immune system

D.   ​offset rheumatoid arthritis

E.   ​rebuild aging bones

42: Protein synthesis is directed by a compound in the cell nucleus called ___________.

A.   Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)

B.   Baked ziti with ricotta cheese, spinach, and tomato sauce

C.   A cheese and broccoli omelet

D.   Stir-fried tofu and vegetables over brown rice

43: Retinoids are abundant in _____ foods, while carotenoids are abundant in _____ foods.

A.   Plant, kidney

B.   Animal, plant

C.   Liver, kidney

D.   None of these

44: Satiation determines how much food is ________ .

A.   Cholecystokinin

B.   Consumed during one meal

C.   Binge-eating disorder

D.   Insulin resistance

45: The dextrose monohydrate used in parenteral nutrition solutions provides _____ kcal/g.

A.   Half as many

B.   Twice as many

C.   Slightly fewer

D.   The same

E.   Four times as many

46: The drug warfarin is structurally similar to _____.

A.   ​hypertriglyceridemia

B.   French units

C.   Clinical pathway

D.   Vitamin K

47: The energy density of most enteral formulas is between _____.

A.   1.0 and 3.0 kcalorie per mL

B.   3.0 and 4.0 kcalorie per mL

C.   1.0 and 2.0 kcalorie per mL

D.   2.0 and 4.0 kcalorie per mL

48: The most healthful dietary lipid to consume is __________.

A.   Unsaturated fat

B.   Hallucinogens

C.   Electroconvulsive

D.   Behavioral

49: The rda for iron for young children is _____ the rda for adult men.

A.   Thiamin

B.   Higher than

C.   Protein

D.   Greater than

50: A true statement about college students with a distorted body image is that ____.

A.   Married people tend to be healthier.

B.   Having a baby within the first seven months of the marriage.

C.   Women are more likely to overestimate their weight, while men underestimate their weight

D.   Salmonella