Health and Medicine MCQs

Health and Medicine MCQs

Try to answer these 200+ Health and Medicine MCQs and check your understanding of the Health and Medicine subject. Scroll down and let's begin!

1: Policies and practices that impact the environment of communities where the population is disproportionately composed of ethnic and racial minorities is called environemntal racism.

A.   True

B.   False

2: The extent to which a person experiences a state of mental, physical, and social well-being is called _____.

A.   Health

B.   Disease

C.   Medicine

D.   Pandemic

3: All those activities intended to sustain, promote, and enhance health is called health care.

A.   True

B.   False

4: An institutionalized system for the scientific diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of illness is called _____.

A.   Medicine

B.   Health care

C.   Vaccination

D.   Surgery

5: The rate of illness in a particular population is called _____.

A.   Morbidity

B.   Mortality

C.   Fertility

D.   Utility

6: The rate of death in a particular population is called _____.

A.   Mortality

B.   Fertility

C.   Morbidity

D.   None of these

7: An outbreak of disease that occurs over a wide area is called _____.

A.   Pandemic

B.   Epidemic

C.   Endemic

D.   Outbreak

8: Medicine that emphasizes a healthy lifestyle that will prevent poor health before it occurs is called _____.

A.   Preventive medicine

B.   Public health

C.   Sick role

D.   Pandemic

9: The science and practice of health protection and maintenance at a community level is called _____.

A.   Public health

B.   Risk society

C.   Sick role

D.   Stigma

10: A society where people are joined globally in their efforts to decrease danger and risk from large-scale biological, environmental, or military (nuclear) threats is called ______.

A.   Risk society

B.   Population growth

C.   Exponential growth

D.   None of these

11: A social role rooted in cultural definitions of the appropriate behavior of and response to people labeled as sick is called _____.

A.   Sick role

B.   Illness experience

C.   Illness behavior

D.   None of these

12: An attribute that is deeply discrediting to an individual or a group because it overshadows other attributes and merits the individual or group may possess is called _____.

A.   Stigma

B.   Stereotype

C.   Prejudice

D.   Dogma

13: A/an ____ is an unfavorable response to a prescribed medical treatment.

A.   Functional disorder

B.   Organic disorder

C.   Emergency room (ER)

D.   Congenital disorder

E.   Iatrogenic illness

14: The _____ are only one cell in thickness and are the smallest blood vessels in the body.

A.   Capillaries

B.   Tissues

C.   White blood cells

15: The spinal cord is part of the ________ nervous system.

A.   Peripheral

B.   Somatic

C.   Central

D.   Autonomic

E.   Afferent

16: Adult height should be measured to the nearest ____.

A.   Quarter of an inch

B.   Half of an inch

C.   An inch

17: _____ is generally defined as an inability to continue exercising at a desired level of intensity.

A.   Walking

B.   Fatigue

C.   Weight

D.   None of these

18: __________ refers to acceleration in deterioration of cognitive functioning prior to death.

A.   Diabetes

B.   Parkinson's disease.

C.   Terminal decline

D.   Alzheimer's disease

19: A(n) ________ is an innocuous substance that has no specific physiological effect.

A.   Placebo

B.   Pharmacokinetics

C.   Sensitization

D.   Psychopharmacology

A.   Heredity.

B.   Practice.

C.   Specificity.

D.   All of the above.

21: Braces are important because they __________.

A.   You need shoes with more cushioning and flexibility

B.   Exercise stress test

C.   Keep your feet dry while exercising

D.   Provide support for a weakened joint.

22: Competitive athletes train at __________ of estimated maximal heart rate.

A.   40 to 50 percent

B.   50 to 65 percent

C.   80 to 95 percent

D.   70 to 75 percent

23: Everyday responsibilities that can limit or restrict regular exercise include __________.

A.   Work schedule.

B.   Time spent commuting.

C.   Completing school work

24: If you are unhappy with your fitness evaluation results, __________.

A.   All of the above

B.   Most exercise machines require spotters for safe operation.

C.   Evaluate the results and set improvement goals

D.   Can meet the career needs of many different people

25: Individuals need to adjust their physical activity to account for __________ as they age.

A.   Reduced flexibility.

B.   Decreased energy levels

C.   A loss of balance

26: Individuals should participate in activities __________ to improve cardiovascular fitness.

A.   Twice a day.

B.   Three to five days a week

C.   Two to three days a week

D.   Non of these

27: Individuals with a(n) _____ body type gain muscle more easily than other body types.

A.   Social pressures

B.   Ballistic

C.   Mesomorphic

D.   Body composition

28: Inherited diseases can __________, which will negatively affect physical fitness.

A.   A sedentary job is one that requires ...

B.   Increase muscle fibers.

C.   Limit cardiovascular functionality

D.   Non of these

29: The most dangerous aspect of synergism is the______affect.




D.   None of these

30: Wicking is important for exercise clothing because it __________

A.   Provide support for a weakened joint

B.   Helps to remove sweat from the body

C.   There is no correct way to use protective equipment.

D.   Versatile for a variety of actitivites.

31: You would predict that iodized salt would have no effect on any cases of ____________.

A.   Blood pressure

B.   Gluconeogenesis

C.   Plasma glucose levels

D.   None of these

32: Meats, fish, poultry, and eggs are sources of ___________ protein.

A.   Complete

B.   Digestion

C.   To show people how to use the five food groups

D.   Contributing to the manufacture of hormones

A.   Soccer

B.   Circuit training is a program that moves through a prescribed set of exercises

C.   Aerobic exercise can help people better manage their blood sugar levels

D.   Increase their bone density with high-intensity activities

34: It is important for physicians to be _____ patient use of alternative therapies.

A.   Another essential oil

B.   Prescribed medications

C.   A topical eucalyptus product

D.   Massage therapy

35: The best way to lose weight is by _____.

A.   The process by which food is changed into energy

B.   Performing cardiovascular exercises

C.   Lost muscle mass

D.   The number of calories used during daily activities

36: The _____ occurs when ratings of all employees fall at the high end of the scale.

A.   Leniency error

B.   Job duties

C.   Halo effect

D.   Forced distribution

37: Fractures of the clavicle usually result from the victim falling with the _______ outstretched.

A.   Sprain

B.   Splint

C.   Dislocation

D.   Arm

38: _____ is an example of a hypokinetic disease.

A.   Turner syndrome

B.   Leprosy

C.   Osteoporosis

D.   Tuberculosis

39: A blow to the head may cause diabetes insipidus by ______.

A.   Positive feedback by GH (growth hormone) on the anterior pituitary

B.   Entering the nucleus of a cell and initiating or altering gene expression

C.   Fasting

D.   Interfering with the normal transmission of ADH to the posterior pituitary via the axons of hypothalamic neurons

40: Benzodiazepines and barbiturates achieve their sedation effects by ________ in the cns.

A.   Anesthetics block all sensations

B.   Inhibiting, sodium and calcium

C.   Enhancing the GABA receptor sites

D.   TCA overdoses have a cardiotoxic effect

41: Saltatory propagation occurs in _________ axons, in which action potentials _________.

A.   Myelinated; move from one node of Ranvier to another

B.   Na+ is pumped out of the cell and K+ is pumped into the cell.

C.   BothA and B

D.   None of these

42: Crunches are principally a(n) __________ exercise.

A.   Eccentric muscle loading and concentric contraction

B.   Abdominal

C.   Heartbeat

D.   The individual with high muscular fitness would also have a lower chance of becoming injured

43: During childbirth, a cephalic presentation means any part of the _______ emerges first.

A.   Head

B.   Tong

C.   Eyes

D.   None of this

44: Megadoses of vitamin _______ can result in nerve damage.

A.   C

B.   E

C.   B6

D.   K

45: Triggers that may lead to an episode of drug abuse/use can be_______.

A.   Interpersonal

B.   Intrapersonal

C.   Biological

D.   All of the above.

46: Fda regulations require that all medication labels include __________.

A.   Price and specific ingredients

B.   Price and known dangers

C.   Specific ingredients and possible side effects

D.   Manufacturing location and possible side effects

47: Fifty percent of homicide victims have _____.

A.   Parents in jail

B.   Alcohol in their bloodstreams

C.   Family in show business

D.   Cousins in law school

48: When choosing to purchase and use home fitness equipment, you must commit to __________.

A.   Allocating space in your house

B.   Completing maintenance on the equipment

C.   Purchasing equipment that matches your exercise goals

D.   All of the above

49: _____________ training is critical in developing fiber hypertrophy.

A.   Concentric

B.   Anaerobic

C.   Variable-resistance

D.   Eccentric

50: A __________ can separate the relatively permanent and temporary effects of a variable.

A.   Transfer Design

B.   Far Transfer

C.   Motivation