Hematology MCQs

Hematology MCQs

Answer these 50 Hematology MCQs and assess your grip on the subject of Hematology. Scroll below and get started!

1: An example of a waste product from the breakdown of hemoglobin is__________.

A.   Transferrin

B.   Hemoglobin S

C.   Biliverdin

D.   Jaundice

2: Ejection of blood from the right ventricle will continue until ________.

A.   Pressure in the pulmonary artery is greater than pressure in the right ventricle

B.   Pressure in the pulmonary artery is less than pressure in the right ventricle

C.   Pressure in the aorta is greater than pressure in the right ventricle

D.   Pressure in the aorta is less than pressure in the right ventricle

E.   The pulmonary semilunar valve contracts, inducing closure

3: Except for __________, the following statements about blood are true.

A.   Contains about 55 percent plasma

B.   PH is slightly acidic

C.   Contains dissolved gases

D.   Viscosity is five times greater than water

4: Leukopenia ________.

A.   The volume of RBC in a blood sample

B.   Type AB blood contains antigens A and B.

C.   Hemoglobinometer determination

D.   May indicate a disease such as cirrhosis of the liver or tuberculosis

5: Mature __________ are the most numerous blood cells and do not have a nucleus.

A.   Erythrocytes

B.   Monocyte

C.   Megakaryocyte

D.   Platelets

6: Normal whole blood contains __________ g of hemoglobin per 100 ml.

A.   4-8

B.   12-18

C.   15-20

D.   30-35

E.   42-48

7: Plasma is ____ while formed elements are ____.

A.   A blood gas; blood clots

B.   The liquid portion of blood; the cells

C.   Lacking in protein; regulators of blood osmolality

D.   The cellular portion of blood; acellular components

E.   Mostly protein; the matrix

8: The least numerous but largest of all agranulocytes is the __________.

A.   Monocyte

B.   Basophil

C.   Erythrocytes

9: The majority of glomeruli are located in the ________ of the kidney.

A.   Vasa recta

B.   Medulla

C.   Cortex

D.   Pelvis

E.   Calyces

10: Hormones called ________ are involved in regulation of white blood cell populations.

A.   Erythropoietin

B.   Bilirubin

C.   Thrombopoietin

D.   Colony-stimulating factors

E.   Plasmin

11: Granulocytes are formed in red bone marrow, or ________oid tissue.

A.   Hemat

B.   Erythr

C.   Myel

D.   Eosin

12: No visible cytoplasmic granules are present in ________.

A.   Basophils.

B.   Monocytes.

C.   Eosinophils.

D.   Neutrophils

13: The total white blood cell count ranges from ________ to ________ /mm3 of blood.

A.   2400, 5000

B.   4800, 10,800

C.   500, 2000

D.   7200, 16,000

14: A person with type ab blood has __________ rbc antigen(s).

A.   No

B.   Anti-A and anti-B

C.   Anti-A

D.   Anti-B

E.   A and B

15: ________ is a plasma protein that serves as a defense mechanism of the immune system.

A.   Albumin

B.   Globulin

C.   Fibrinogen

D.   Prothrombin

16: Agglutination of rbcs is the result of a transfusion reaction caused by ____ blood.

A.   Mismatched

B.   Matched

C.   Both A & B

D.   None of the above

17: The common pathway in coagulation ends with __________.

A.   Conversion of soluble fibrinogen to insoluble fibrin

B.   May indicate a disease such as cirrhosis of the liver or tuberculosis

C.   Both

D.   None of these

18: With respect to abo and rh blood groups, there are __________ different blood types.

A.   Ten

B.   Four

C.   Eight

19: A person who lacks agglutinogen a but has agglutinogen b would have blood type __________.

A.   A

B.   B

C.   AB

D.   O

20: Vacuum blood tubes come in all of the following sizes except ________ ml.

A.   20

B.   Rubber

C.   90

D.   Cost

21: ________ involves a cascade of reactions leading to the conversion of fibrinogen to fibrin.

A.   Vascular spasm.

B.   The platelet phase.

C.   Retraction

D.   Coagulation

22: All of the following conditions impair coagulation except ________.

A.   Vitamin K deficiency

B.   Vascular spasm

C.   Liver disease

D.   Severe hypocalcemia

23: Blood reticulocyte counts provide information regarding ________

A.   Rate of erythrocyte formation

B.   Rate of platelet formation

C.   Clotting ability of the blood

D.   WBC ability to defend the body against disease

24: The structural framework of a blood clot is formed by __________.

A.   Fibrinogen

B.   Increase hypoxemia

C.   Thrombus; embolus

D.   Thromboplastin.

25: Abnormally low levels of erythrocytes caused by excessive bleeding is called______.

A.   Sickle-cell anemia

B.   Polycythemia

C.   Hemorrhagic anemia

D.   Thalassemia

26: Complications of aplastic anemia generally do not include ________.

A.   Bleeding disorders.

B.   Suppressed immunity.

C.   Impaired formation of all formed elements.

27: During leukopoiesis, neutrophils are derived from __________.

A.   Myeloblasts

B.   Biliverdin

C.   Type O-

D.   Thrombin

E.   Hemostasis

28: James has a hemoglobin measurement of 16 g/100 ml blood. this is ________.

A.   Within the normal range

B.   Abnormally low.

C.   Above normal

D.   None of these

29: The hematocrit for the female with iron-deficiency anemia was _______.

A.   Below normal

B.   Above normal

C.   Normal

D.   Above normal and indicative of polycythemia

30: The oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood is evaluated using _______.

A.   Cholesterol measurements

B.   Hemoglobin measurements

C.   Hematocrit measurements and cholesterol measurements

D.   Hematocrit measurements and hemoglobin measurements

E.   Hematocrit measurements

31: The stoppage of blood loss, or __________, is very important to the maintenance of homeostasis.

A.   Hematopoiesis

B.   Neutrophil

C.   Lymphocytes

D.   Lymphocyte

32: The total volume of blood in the body of a 76-kg man is approximately ________ liters.

A.   10.

B.   5.3.

C.   4.4.

D.   3.8.

33: Tissue factor (factor iii) is a factor in the ________ pathway.

A.   Fibrinolytic

B.   Retraction

C.   Extrinsic

D.   Intrinsic

E.   Common

34: The special type of hemoglobin present in fetal red blood cells is ________.

A.   Hemoglobin F

B.   Hemoglobin B

C.   Hemoglobin A

D.   Hemoglobin

35: The antibodies that attack antigens on foreign rbcs are called __________.

A.   Albumin

B.   Aggluntinins

C.   Red bone marrow

D.   Purified platelets

36: Stage 2 of labor lasts __________ for a first baby and __________ in later births.

A.   An average of 12 to 14 hours; 4 to 6 hours

B.   An average of 4 to 6 hours; 20 to 50 minutes

C.   About 50 minutes; 20 minutes

D.   About 5 to 10 minutes; 90 minutes

37: The name of a _____ drug is always spelled with a capital letter.

A.   Brand-name

B.   Auscultation

C.   Intraoral

D.   None of these

38: The diagnostic term scurvy literally means __________ and is the lack of vitamin c in the diet.

A.   To scratch

B.   To nourish

C.   Rough

D.   None of these

39: All of the following can be expected with polycythemia except ________.

A.   Low blood viscosity

B.   High hematocrit

C.   High blood pressure

D.   Increased blood volume

40: Athletes use the hormone epo to __________.

A.   Strengthen their immune systems

B.   Stay hydrated

C.   Increase their hematocrit

D.   Coagulation

41: A triglyceride + globulin complex is termed a(n) __________.

A.   Lipoprotein

B.   Albumin

C.   It transport iron ions in the plasma

D.   All of this

42: Serum is essentially identical to plasma except for the absence of __________.

A.   Fibringin

B.   Hemoglobin

C.   Albumin

D.   Increased hypoxemia

43: The thick, crusty scar of necrotic tissue that forms on a third-degree burn is known as a ________.

A.   Comedo

B.   Bulla

C.   Keloid

D.   Eschar

44: A mismatch of blood types during a transfusion is dangerous because ________.

A.   Antibodies in the donor's plasma will attack and kill the recipient's healthy blood cells

B.   White blood cells from the donor's blood cause inflammation

C.   Preformed antibodies in the recipient's blood will bind and clump (agglutinate) the donated cells

D.   Clotting factors in the donor's blood will cause unwanted clots known as thrombus

45: A person with an extremely high count of neutrophils is likely suffering ________.

A.   Viral infection

B.   Polycythemia

C.   Anemia

D.   A bacterial infection

46: Agglutinogens are contained on the __________, whereas the agglutinins are found in the __________.

A.   Transport of respiratory gases

B.   Cell membrane of the RBC; plasma

C.   No agglutination occurs.

D.   Erythrocytes

E.   Type O

47: Reticulocytes complete their development into ________ in the circulation.

A.   Neutrophils

B.   Erythropoietin

C.   Fibrinogen

D.   Erythrocytes

48: Thromboembolic disorders ________.

A.   Include thrombus formation, a clot in a broken blood vessel

B.   Include embolus formation, a clot moving within the circulatory system

C.   Result in uncontrolled bleeding

D.   Are caused by vitamin K deficiency

49: Blood volume restorers include all of the following except ________.

A.   Albumin

B.   Saline solutions

C.   Dextran

D.   Packed cells

50: In platelet plug formation, a large mass of platelets ____________ and undergo degranulation.

A.   Hemostasis

B.   Prostacyclin

C.   Aggregate

D.   Coagulation