Cognition and Intrapersonal Communication MCQs

Cognition and Intrapersonal Communication MCQs

The following Cognition and Intrapersonal Communication MCQs have been compiled by our experts through research, in order to test your knowledge of the subject of Cognition and Intrapersonal Communication. We encourage you to answer these 40+ multiple-choice questions to assess your proficiency.
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1: The answer to the question “why did that person behave in that fashion?” is reffered to as

A.   Axiom

B.   Attribution

C.   Cognition

D.   Valence

2: Axiom refers to a fundamental lie

A.   True

B.   False

3: Uncertainty as to how someone should behave in a given situation is known as

A.   Behavioral uncertainty

B.   Cognitive uncertainty

C.   Both

D.   None

4: Behaviorism is a narrow focus on

A.   Cause

B.   Effect

C.   Cause and effect

D.   Cognition

5: Cognition includes the processes of _______ and storing stimuli.

A.   Reducing

B.   Elaborating

C.   Transforming

D.   All of the above

6: In psychology, the focus on the internal processes that occur between cause and effect is known as

A.   Consensus

B.   Cognitive

C.   Axiom

D.   Subjectivity

7: Cognitive uncertainty is uncertainty about how someone should _______ about a given situation.

A.   Think

B.   Feel

C.   Both

D.   None

8: Cognitive uncertainty is uncertainty about how someone should _______ about a given situation.

A.   Think

B.   Feel

C.   Both

D.   None

9: Valence is the extent to which the violator is perceived as

A.   Attractive

B.   Rewarding

C.   Harmful

D.   A & B

10: Compensating is making up for _______ behavior

A.   Your

B.   Someone else's

C.   Both

D.   None

11: The extent to which an individual believes most people would behave in a given fashion is known as

A.   Consistency

B.   Consonance

C.   Dissonance

D.   Consensus

12: Consistency is the extent to which an individual believes a ________ typically behaves in a particular fashion.

A.   Target other

B.   Leader

C.   Both

D.   None

13: Consonance is congruence in two stimuli

A.   True

B.   False

14: Judgments about an actor’s intentions when a dispositional attribution is made are known as

A.   Correspondent inferences

B.   Dissonance ratio

C.   Consonance

D.   None of the above

15: Deviance is a behaviour that is according to expectation of typical behavior.

A.   True

B.   False

16: Which of the following is a dispositional factor

A.   Personality

B.   Character

C.   Biological traits

D.   All of the above

17: Dissonance is _________ between attitudes and behavior.

A.   Resonance

B.   Relevance

C.   Incongruence

D.   Concord

18: The proportion of incongruent beliefs held in relation to the number of consonant beliefs is known as

A.   Relevance ratio

B.   Dissonance ratio

C.   Hedonic relevance

D.   Distinctiveness

19: What an individual anticipates will happen in a given situation is known as

A.   Expectancy

B.   Prediction

C.   Relevance

D.   Dissonance

20: Which of the following describes exterior locus of control

A.   Belief in fate

B.   Belief in situational influences

C.   No control of behavior

D.   All of the above

21: The degree to which an individual believes an actor’s behavior directly affects him or her.

A.   Interior locus of control

B.   Exterior locus of control

C.   Dissonance ratio

D.   Hedonic relevance

22: Incentive is the extent to which an individual can provide

A.   Rewards

B.   Punishments

C.   Both

D.   None

23: In interactive strategy one goes directly to the source who has the most information.

A.   True

B.   False

24: ____________ refers to beliefs and behaviors that have nothing to do with each other.

A.   Irrelevance

B.   Dissonance

C.   Resonance

D.   All of the above

25: Magnitude of dissonance is the _____________ produced when experiencing conflicting behaviors and beliefs.

A.   Degree of understanding

B.   Degree of discomfort

C.   Degree of comfort

D.   Degree of concord

26: Personalism is the belief that an actor specifically and intentionally behaves in ways that are

A.   Hurtful

B.   Helpful

C.   Both

D.   None

27: Postdecision theory focuses on how people make sense of their decisions after they have made them.

A.   True

B.   False

28: To rationalize is the ability to justify

A.   Dissonance

B.   Resonance

C.   Concord

D.   Consonance

29: Engaging in the same behavior as someone else is known as

A.   Absolving

B.   Acquiting

C.   Excusing

D.   Reciprocating

30: Schema is a cognitive structure for organizing new information.

A.   True

B.   False

31: Actively avoiding information __________ with previously established beliefs or behaviors is known as Selective Exposure

A.   Consonant

B.   Consistency

C.   Inconsistent

D.   Any of the above

32: Deciphering ambiguous information so it is perceived to be consistent with established beliefs is known as

A.   Selective retention

B.   Selective interpretation

C.   Selective attention

D.   Selective exposure

33: Selective retention is dismissing or forgetting information that creates

A.   Consonance

B.   Resonance

C.   Dissonance

D.   Concord

34: Situational factors are _______ causes for behavior

A.   External

B.   Internal

C.   Personal

D.   All of the above

35: Social Desirability is being opposite to social conventions

A.   True

B.   False

36: Violation valence is the ________ evaluation of an expectation

A.   Neutral

B.   Positive

C.   Negative

D.   B & C

37: Expectancy violations theory asserts that humans have two competing needs. What are they?

A.   Openness and closedness

B.   Intrapersonal communication and interpersonal communication

C.   Action and reaction

D.   Personal space and affiliation

38: Juan was on his way to work when another car hit his bumper. Juan was upset, but believed that the accident happened because of poor weather conditions. According to attribution theory, Juan explained what happened using ______ factors.

A.   Dispositional

B.   Situational

C.   Inferential

D.   Exterior

39: Jessica smokes cigarettes even though she knows that smoking is harmful to her health. The relationship between Jessica’s cognitions and behaviors is ______.

A.   Consonant

B.   Irrelevant

C.   Cognizant

D.   Dissonant

40: Juan explained to his boss that he was late to work because of his car accident. His boss said Juan should blame the other driver’s poor driving skills. Juan’s boss attributed his accident to ______ factors.

A.   Dispositional

B.   Situational

C.   Inferential

D.   Exterior

41: Expectancy violations theory claims that two conditions will lead a person to reciprocate positive behavior. What are these conditions?

A.   Negative dissonance ratio and negative communicator reward valence

B.   Positive violation valence and positive communicator reward valence

C.   Negative violation valence and positive recipient reward valence

D.   Positive magnitude of dissonance and negative recipient reward valence

42: According to uncertainty reduction theory, humans seek to ______ uncertainty.

A.   Eliminate

B.   Increase

C.   Minimize

D.   Ignore

43: What are the explanations that we have about our own and others’ behavior?

A.   Justifications

B.   Non-examples

C.   Uncertainty explanations

D.   Attributions

44: Carol swims laps every day. She also believes that exercise is an important way to maintain her health. Cognitive dissonance theory suggests that Carol’s beliefs and behaviors are ______.

A.   Consonant

B.   Irrelevant

C.   Cognizant

D.   Dissonant

45: What are two types of uncertainty?

A.   Behavioral and cognitive

B.   Irrelevance and informational

C.   Consonance and substantive

D.   Dissonance and violation valence

46: What are four factors in Kelley’s covariation model?

A.   Compensation, personalism, affordability, deviance

B.   Interior locus of control, exterior locus of control, hedonic relevance, correspondent inference

C.   Consensus, consistency, distinctiveness, controllability

D.   Situational factors, dispositional factors, cognitions, behaviors