Developmental Psychology MCQs

Developmental Psychology MCQs

Answer these 700+ Developmental Psychology MCQs and see how sharp is your knowledge of Developmental Psychology. Scroll down and let's start!

1: __________people more often report depressive feelings than __________ people.

A.   Young adults; middle-aged

B.   Middle-aged; Young adults

C.   Old; children

D.   Young adults; old

2: A child's typical activity during the oral stage is _____.

A.   Sucking on a pacifier

B.   Toilet training.

C.   Feeling a blanket using the fingers.

D.   Playing peek-a-boo

3: A person's understanding of the thoughts of other people is called _____.

A.   Psychological schemata

B.   Theory of mind

C.   Self-schemes

D.   Intuitive psychology

4: A personality difference can be caused by a difference in ______.

A.   Appearance

B.   Attitude

C.   Power

D.   Wealth

5: According to abraham maslow, all people _____.

A.   Have the same basic needs and drives.

B.   Are driven by inner drives and motives.

C.   Learn from the environment.

D.   Learn from observing others.

6: According to b. f. skinner, behaviors that are _____ will be learned.

A.   Stopped

B.   Reinforced

C.   Observed

D.   Beneficial

7: According to piaget, adolescents are in the _____ stage of cognitive development.

A.   Sensorimotor

B.   Formal operational

C.   Concrete operational

D.   Preoperational

8: According to the textbook, a form of prenatal sex selection involves __________.

A.   Consuming only specific diets prior to conception to encourage fertilization of the egg by Y or X carrying sperms, accordingly

B.   Most people can't know for sure

C.   None of these

9: After age 8, girls __________ than boys.

A.   When teachers emphasize competition and publicly compare children.

B.   Begin accumulating fat at a faster rate

C.   Tend to use a topic-associating narrative style.

D.   Less; longer, narrower, and more slanted

10: As many as _____ of older adults with depressive symptoms receive no treatment at all.

A.   10 percent

B.   25 percent

C.   60 percent

D.   80 percent

11: Bob has just been diagnosed with diabetes. his diagnosis will contribute to the _____ rate.

A.   Mortality

B.   Morbidity

C.   Disability

D.   Vitality

12: Conservation is to concrete operations as _____ is to preoperational thinking.

A.   Naïve idealism

B.   Reversibility

C.   Egocentrism

D.   The personal fable

13: Conventional morality involves _____.

A.   The preoperational stage

B.   Dressing like adults

C.   Hurting the transgressor

D.   Following what parents, teachers, and peers do

14: Crystallized intelligence tends to _____ with age.

A.   Estrogen

B.   Increase

C.   Menarche

D.   Decrease

E.   Menopause

15: Developmental psychologists contend that development is the product of _____.

A.   Nature

B.   Nurture

C.   The complex interaction of nature and nurture

D.   Sometimes nature alone, sometimes nurture alone, depending on the circumstances.

16: During prenatal development, teratogens _____.

A.   Increase the risk of prenatal abnormalities

B.   Decrease the risk of prenatal abnormalities

C.   Always cause prenatal abnormalities

D.   Do not cause prenatal abnormalities

17: During the preconventional level of moral development _____.

A.   Moral judgment is self-centered

B.   Right = what feels rewarding and doesn't get punished

C.   Rewards and punishment help dictate behavior

D.   All of these options

18: During the sensorimotor stage, _____ are the raw materials for infant cognition.

A.   Object permanence

B.   Babbling

C.   Words and language

19: Feelings of dislike or even hatred for another person are known as _____.

A.   Empathy

B.   Antipathy

C.   Prosocial behavior

D.   Antisocial behavior

20: Gender schema theory is to _____ as social learning theory is to _____.

A.   Cognitive categories; reinforcement, punishment, and modeling

B.   Genetics; environment

C.   Reinforcement, punishment, and modeling; cognitive categories

D.   Environment; genetics

21: In researching cross-sex friendships, dr. danek has found that they are _____.

A.   Common

B.   Rare

C.   Absent

D.   Atypical

22: Individualistic culture is to independent self as collectivistic culture is to __________ self.

A.   Collection

B.   Social

C.   Ideal

D.   Interdependent

23: Kohlberg viewed moral development as based on ____.

A.   Biological maturity

B.   Psychological functioning

C.   Cognitive development

D.   Environmental forces

24: Most psychologists agree that defense mechanisms _____.

A.   Are a sign of emotional damage that cannot be corrected in therapy

B.   Can be healthy when not used excessively

C.   Are used excessively by most people in modern society

D.   Are unhealthy and should be eliminated through therapy

25: Newborns prefer _____.

A.   Traffic noises more than music

B.   Animal sounds more than speech

C.   Normal speech more than baby talk

D.   Their mother's language more than any other language

26: Newborns can only really focus on things that are about _____ from them.

A.   8 to 12 inches

B.   6 to 12 inches

C.   8 to 10 inches

D.   6 to 10 inches

27: Older adults in developed countries __________.

A.   Her eldest son

B.   Positively correlated with both mental and physical health

C.   Use of the joints over many years

D.   Are the wealthiest segment of the population

28: Operant conditioning emphasizes ________ whereas classical conditioning emphasizes ________.

A.   Punishment; reward

B.   Effects on one's physical world; effects on one's social world

C.   Active learning; passive learning

D.   An animal's learning ability; a human's learning ability

29: Phonology is to _____ as morphology is to _____.

A.   Meaning; sound

B.   Sound; meaning

C.   Core; knowledge

D.   Knowledge; core

30: Preconventional moral reasoning is to conventional moral reasoning as _____ is to _____.

A.   Self-interest; social relationships

B.   Social relationships; self-interest

C.   Menarche; Identity

D.   None of these

31: The ability to think abstractly or hypothetically occurs in piaget's _____ stage.

A.   Attachement

B.   Formal operational

C.   Imprinting

D.   None of these

32: If–then propositions require _____.

A.   Concrete thought

B.   Operational thought

C.   Postformal thought

D.   Hypothetical thought

33: According to current research, the brain has ____.

A.   Complex pathways for processing language that connect Broca's and Wernicke's areas to other cortical areas involved in cognition

B.   Only two main language centers, Broca's area and Wernicke's area

C.   Complex pathways for processing language that connect Broca's and Wernicke's areas to the amygdala and hippocampus

D.   At least four main language centers, including Broca's area, Wernicke's area, the amygdala, and the hippocampus

34: Expressions of __________ are less frequent than __________.

A.   Sadness; anger

B.   Compliance

C.   Tyson, age 3

D.   Boys; negative

35: Logical extension involves _____.

A.   It is done to help another without any benefit for oneself.

B.   Educating all gifted and talented children of the same age together

C.   Linking a newly learned word to other objects in the same category

D.   There are multiple intelligences

36: Pruning is the process by which _____.

A.   Be comforted by their caregiver

B.   Assist with impulse control

C.   Unused connections between neurons are eliminated

D.   Mothers have fewer babies

37: Research indicates that stress can produce direct physiological effects such as __________.

A.   Selective optimization

B.   Crystallized intelligence

C.   Elevated blood pressure

D.   Fluid intelligence

38: The information-processing theory was inspired by the knowledge of how _____ function.

A.   Animals' brains

B.   High-level businesses

C.   Computers

D.   Athletic teams

39: When capable of concrete operational thought, children _____.

A.   Are limited to intuitive, perceptual focusing

B.   Are likely to be misled by appearances

C.   Can reason about abstractions

D.   Can apply their reasoning to real, tangible situations

40: The development of formal operations in adolescence leads to _______.

A.   The personal fable

B.   Wear-and-tear theory

C.   Egocentrism

D.   Introspection and egocentrism

E.   Interaction between a child and skilled people

41: For infancy, the central crisis in erikson's theory is ____.

A.   Trust vs. mistrust

B.   Industry vs. inferiority

C.   Initiative vs. guilt

D.   Autonomy vs. shame

42: Charles darwin's theory of evolution emphasized __________ and __________.

A.   The normative approach; survival of the fittest

B.   Noble savages; physical maturation

C.   Tabula rasa; natural selection

D.   Natural selection; survival of the fittest

43: Eric learned in his college biology class that, with respect to the sex chromosomes, the _____.

A.   Y chromosome is larger than the X chromosome and has more genes

B.   X chromosome is larger than the Y chromosome and has more genes

C.   X and Y chromosomes are the same size, but the X chromosome has more genes

D.   X and Y chromosomes are the same size and have the same number of genes

44: In collectivistic cultures, the emphasis is placed on ____.

A.   The success of the individual, their career, and their income

B.   Me, myself, and I

C.   The sole person and individual successes

D.   Family, the kinship group, and the ethnic group

45: Child-centered programs are often influenced by the theories of _____ and _____.

A.   Piaget; Freud

B.   Piaget; Vygotsky

C.   Vygotsky; Skinner

D.   Skinner; Freud

46: The ________ aspect is at the forefront of emotion in infancy.

A.   Communication.

B.   Motivation.

C.   Personality.

D.   Disposition

47: A child's passion for continuity and sameness is normal at about _____ year(s) of age.

A.   1

B.   2

C.   3

D.   4

48: The concept of __________ is characteristic of __________ theories.

A.   Nurture; continuous.

B.   Context; nature.

C.   Change; heredity.

D.   Stages; discontinuous

49: Anna, a one year old, fears being away from her mother. it appears that anna has _______.

A.   An attachment disorder

B.   Stranger anxiety

C.   Generalized anxiety

D.   Separation anxiety

50: Female breasts are to ___________ as male testes are to ___________.

A.   Menarche; menopause

B.   Menopause; menarche

C.   Secondary sex characteristics; primary sex characteristics

D.   Primary sex characteristics; secondary sex characteristics