General Psychology MCQs

General Psychology MCQs

Answer these 900+ General Psychology MCQs and assess your grip on the subject of General Psychology. Scroll below and get started!

1: _____ are manipulated; _____ are measured.

A.   Independent

B.   Variable

C.   Dependent

D.   IVs; DVs

2: _____ entails sudden episodes involving a loss of muscle tone.

A.   Non-REM

B.   Cataplexy

C.   Selective attention

D.   None of these

3: _____ helps individuals to resist persuasion.

A.   Inoculation

B.   Ethnocentrism

C.   Reciprocity

D.   None of these

4: _____ is a generalized defense against pathogens.

A.   Natural immunity

B.   Specific immunity

C.   Passive immunity

D.   Humoral immunity

5: _________ is considered a secondary reinforcer.

A.   Food

B.   Water

C.   Money

D.   Sexual satisfaction

6: _____ is to _____ as bandura is to tolman.

A.   Latent learning; observational learning

B.   Observational learning; latent learning

C.   Observational learning; insight

D.   Insight; latent learning

7: _____ is to psychoanalysis as _____ is to humanistic psychology.

A.   Nerves; neurons

B.   Cross; cultural

C.   cultural; Cross-

D.   Freud; Rogers

8: _____ receive messages from other neurons and _____ send messages to other neurons.

A.   Dendrites and Axon

B.   Soma, Myelin

C.   Neuron, Axon

D.   Nervous System

9: _____ refers to auditory sensory memory, whereas _____ refers to visual sensory memory.

A.   Echoic memory / iconic memory

B.   Explicit memory

C.   Procedural memory

D.   Proactive interference

10: _____ refers to rewarding approximations of a desired behavior.

A.   Generalization

B.   Extinction

C.   Contiguity

D.   Shaping

11: _______ attention improves encoding whereas ______ attention interferes with encoding.

A.   Selective; divided

B.   Divided; selective

C.   Discrimination; inhibitory

D.   Inhibitory; discrimination

12: ________ appears to be especially important for enhanced performance on recently learned tasks.

A.   Melatonin

B.   Slow-wave sleep

C.   Sleep deprivation

D.   Growth hormone

13: ________ are a component of the somatosenses.

A.   Receptive field

B.   Free nerve endings in the skin

C.   It takes time to extrude calcium ions out of the fiber

D.   The inability to recognize individual faces

14: ________ cycles occur roughly once every 24 hours.

A.   Biological

B.   Circadian

C.   Rotating

D.   Conscious

15: ________ is a chemical messenger secreted by fat cells that acts as an appetite suppressant.

A.   Orexin

B.   Angiotensin

C.   Leptin

D.   Ghrelin

16: __________ stimuli are typically events that are important to survival.

A.   Unconditional

B.   Conditional

C.   Maintenance

D.   Second-order

17: __________ subtheory explains that intelligence is influenced by culture.

A.   Contextual

B.   Componential

C.   Experiential

D.   Emotional

18: __________ tests try to eliminate cultural bias.

A.   All IQ

B.   Dove

C.   Culture-fair

D.   Stanford-Binet

19: ______________ is caused by degeneration of the neocortex of the anterolateral temporal lobe.

A.   Retrograde amnesia

B.   Perceptual learning

C.   Basal ganglia

D.   Semantic dementia

20: _____, such as dexedrine and benzedrine, are popularly known as speed.

A.   Circadian rhythms.

B.   Consciousness

C.   Amphetamines

D.   Meditation

21: If you need help in emergency and which statement is most likely to get you the help you need?

A.   Will someone please help me?

B.   Hey! I'm in trouble here!

C.   Help!!! This is an emergency!!

D.   You in the red sweater—call 911!

22: A clinical psychologist uses ______ to treat psychological disorders.

A.   Sociocultural approach

B.   Psychotherapy

C.   Cognitive

D.   Lobotomies

23: A counselor who takes the humanistic perspective would focus most on _____

A.   Behavior

B.   Subjective experience

C.   Environmental forces

D.   Inherited tendencies

24: A genotype is ________, whereas a phenotype is ________.

A.   Acetylcholine

B.   Insulation around a pipe

C.   Sympathetic nervous

D.   Underlying; observed

25: A goal of family therapy is to ______.

A.   Change the needs of individual family members

B.   Improve family communication and interaction

C.   Identify and treat the person in the family who is the source of the majority of the family's problems

D.   Teach family members to remain neutral on sensitive issues

26: A good control group ________.

A.   Some authorities should not be questioned.

B.   It may be necessary for the experiment to work

C.   Describe, explain, predict, and control behavior

D.   Holds constant all variables in the experiment

27: A hitchhiker most likely gets rides on a _____ schedule of reinforcement.

A.   Continuous

B.   Variable-ratio

C.   Fixed-ratio

D.   Fixed-interval

28: A hypothesis is ________.

A.   A prediction about something that has not yet been observed

B.   An instrument that is used to examine environmental conditions

C.   The design of an experiment that can be used in scientific inquiry

D.   A testable proposition that explains an observed phenomenon or answers a question

E.   A proven scientific fact

29: A measure that has a high level of reliability is very ________.

A.   Consistent

B.   Long-lasting

C.   Accurate

D.   Predictive

30: A neuron is _____.

A.   The part of a nerve cell that receives information.

B.   The part of a nerve cell that sends information.

C.   The part of a nerve cell that creates energy.

D.   A cell of the nervous system responsible for receiving and transmitting electrochemical information.

31: A problem with cross-sectional research is that _____.

A.   Older people because the brain can only focus on one thing at a time

B.   More likely to be happier and stay together longer

C.   People in late adulthood (grandparent age)

D.   Because each person has unique life experiences

32: A relative permanent change of behavior is called ________.

A.   Lifestyles

B.   Personality

C.   Learning

D.   All of the above

33: A study of immobilized cockroaches showed the importance of ________________ in forgetting.

A.   Sleep

B.   State dependent learning

C.   Proactive interference

D.   Retroactive interference

34: A survey is a(n) _____.

A.   Research technique for assessing behaviors and attitudes of a sample or population

B.   Mental processes, language, and perception

C.   Explaining the purpose of the study, anticipated results, and deceptions used when the study is over

D.   Both the researcher and participants are unaware of who is in the experimental and control groups

35: A token economy is to operant conditioning as ________ is to classical conditioning.

A.   Aversive conditioning

B.   Systematic desensitization

C.   A token economy

D.   Operant conditioning

36: A(n) _____ correlation results when there is no relationship between two variables.

A.   Critical

B.   Free will

C.   Zero

D.   Strong

A.   Genetics

B.   Geography

C.   Luck

D.   Personality factor

38: According to freud, the ego _____.

A.   Unconditional positive regard/conditions of worth

B.   Repression

C.   Must balance the needs of the id, superego, and reality

D.   Phallic

E.   Id/ego

39: According to freud, the ego is guided by _____.

A.   Rationalization

B.   Reality

C.   Pleasure

D.   Repression

40: According to freud, the moral element of the personality is called the _____.

A.   Superego

B.   Ego

C.   Id

D.   None of these

41: According to hermann ebbinghaus, _____.

A.   Motor Reproduction

B.   Having a close, caring relationship with at least one parent

C.   Being alert and mentally present for one's everyday activities

D.   Most forgetting occurs soon after we originally learned something.

42: According to lazarus, hassles ________.

A.   Do not arise from major life changes

B.   Arise from major life changes

C.   Nullify the stress that arises from major life changes

D.   Are unrelated to stress

43: According to the language theory of noam chomsky, _____.

A.   Champion ideas that other dismiss

B.   Logical rules or definitions

C.   Children are born

D.   A phoneme; a morpheme

44: Achievement tests are to aptitude tests as _____ is to _____.

A.   Knowledge; potential

B.   Decreased reaction time

C.   Asperger syndrome

D.   Dyslexia

45: Across all cancers, _______ are due to inherited genetic mutations.

A.   ​1-2%

B.   5-10%

C.   15-20%

D.   25-30%

46: Adler believed the primary motivation in life is to overcome _____.

A.   Basic anxiety

B.   Collective unconscious fears of the anima and animus

C.   Feelings of superiority

D.   Feelings of inferiority

47: After consumption, the concentration of caffeine is __________.

A.   Elevated serum cholesterol level

B.   After 3 consecutive days of regular use

C.   It increases performance in some areas and decreases it in others.

D.   Similar throughout the body

E.   Cerebral stimulation and diuresis only

48: Aggression is the ____.

A.   Proactive aggression

B.   Zero-sum aggression

C.   Self-defense

D.   Reciprocal aggression

49: Alcohol decreases anxiety by ____.

A.   Promotes chloride flow at the GABA-A receptor complex

B.   Interfering with the production of serotonin

C.   Brain areas associated with particular emotions vary considerably

D.   None of these

A.   Obsessing about where to buy it

B.   Loss of control

C.   Disregard for consequences of use

D.   Compulsivity