Crafting Qualitative Data MCQs

Crafting Qualitative Data MCQs

The following Crafting Qualitative Data MCQs have been compiled by our experts through research, in order to test your knowledge of the subject of Crafting Qualitative Data. We encourage you to answer these multiple-choice questions to assess your proficiency.
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1: Which one of these main forms of data is NOT used by qualitative researchers?

A.   Collecting stories

B.   Large probability samples and surveys

C.   Observing activity or people

D.   Conducting interviews

2: Which of the following would not be considered as ‘textual data’?

A.   Government reports

B.   Interviews conducted by the researcher with managers

C.   Reports in newspapers

D.   Data from blogs or chat rooms

3: Which of the following is NOT a good reason to use diaries?

A.   To place the responsibility for data collection onto the individual being researched

B.   To release the researcher from day-to-day involvement

C.   To provide a journal or record of events

D.   To have the potential to gain a rich qualitative picture of motives and perspectives

4: Which of the following statements describes snowball sampling?

A.   Probabilistic selection of cases or interviews such that the sample is likely to reflect the targeted population

B.   Selected participants recruit or recommend other participants from amongst their acquaintances

C.   Selection of cases dependent on whether they may contain theoretical characteristics/embody specific rhetorical constructs

D.   Selection of aims to include a wide range of incidents of a given phenomenon

5: To avoid bias, interviews often use a number of techniques. Which of the following statements does NOT serve to help prevent bias?

A.   Mirror or reflect in your own words what the interviewee has said.

B.   Agree with the interviewee and give an example of your own of what you think they mean.

C.   Pause when there is a silence and let the interviewee break the silence.

D.   Repeat the last few words the interviewee said.

6: The following are issues which can help the conduct and the accuracy of interviews. Which is the odd one out?

A.   The use of appropriate attitude and language

B.   The location of the interview

C.   The secret recording of the interview to ensure that the interviewee answers all questions in complete honesty

D.   The obtaining of the interviewee’s trust

7: Which statements below is an advantage of using a repertory grid?

A.   They can be conducted with many people all at the same time.

B.   They keep individuals’ verbiage constructs that otherwise would remain hidden.

C.   They incorporate the views of the interview ‘as an expert’.

D.   All of these

8: Which of the following is NOT a type of secondary data?

A.   Christmas cards

B.   Cover letters

C.   Newspaper articles

D.   Research diaries

9: When preparing for a research interview, it is important to ______.

A.   Ensure that one does not forget to ask the main research question

B.   Present the interviewee with the consent form at the very end of the interview

C.   Design questions in a way that they make it easy for the interview to respond

D.   All of these

10: Useful probes in interviews do NOT include ______.

A.   Open questions such as ‘What did you mean by that?’

B.   Remaining silent

C.   A brief summary of what you think the interviewee may feel/think

D.   Repeating the same question

11: Autoethnography is which of the following?

A.   Research in which an author uses self-reflection and writing to explore their personal experience

B.   Where the focus of the research relates to an issue connected to cars

C.   Where the field notes on data collection happen automatically

D.   Where video is used to complement participant observation

12: There are a number of characteristics which define action research methods. Identify the most important.

A.   Action research is all about how the researcher advising the organization what to do.

B.   Action research demands the involvement of the researcher in an organization change.

C.   Action research begins pragmatically with appropriate theory emerging only as the action unfolds.

D.   History and context play no part in the process of analysis.

13: With the advent of new technologies, information collected by the public can now often be used to support research data collected by researchers. Which of the following is NOT one of these?

A.   Pictures taken with mobile phone cameras by people taking part in activities or events

B.   Reasons for decisions made by managers speaking into recording devices

C.   Covert surveillance from cameras in the workplace

D.   Electronic devices given to respondents which give information on the frequency of specific activities

14: Below are tips given to students for writing field notes. Which would never be given?

A.   Just write, don’t worry about style or grammar.

B.   Avoid evaluation or judgmental language.

C.   Don’t worry about the detail – focus on the essentials.

D.   Capture direct quotations for use later.

15: Which of the statements best characterizes ethnography rather than participant observation?

A.   Where the researcher is in the field and able to observe the phenomena under investigation

B.   Where entire social systems or cultures are under investigation

C.   Where the researcher observers for relatively short periods of time

D.   Where the researcher moves in and out of an organization

16: When researchers co-create data with research participants there are a set of general rules. From the list below identify the statement that appears out of place.

A.   Listen to the views of your collaborator.

B.   Make yourself familiar with the context and background of your research participants.

C.   Ensure that the academic research aims and objectives that are derived from the literature survey have primacy.

D.   Allow your research collaborator to have an equal claim on how problems and issues might be understood..

17: Photo-elicitation involves ______.

A.   The researcher taking pictures of important observations

B.   The researcher retrieving images from specialist databases which are analysed in a certain way

C.   The research participant taking pictures of whatever is important to them

D.   The researcher using visual images (such as photographs, videos or paintings) in an interview to invite comments by research participants

18: Reflexivity is about ______.

A.   Acknowledging that in social science it is difficult if not impossible to remain ‘outside’ our subject matter

B.   Researchers becoming aware of their effect on the process and outcomes of their research

C.   Researchers reflecting on their own identity

D.   All of these

19: How does the position of a participant observer differ from that of a complete observer?

A.   In complete observation, the observer interacts with research participants whereas in participant observation, the observer is only a part of their environment.

B.   In complete observation, participants are aware that they are being observed; in participant observation participants are unaware that they are being observed.

C.   In participant observation researchers do not conceal the intention of observation and participate in a given setting as researcher and participant.

D.   None of these